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  • Author or Editor: Konrad Swanepoel x
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The midpoint set M(S) of a set S of points is the set of all midpoints of pairs of points in S. We study the largest cardinality of a midpoint set M(S) in a finite-dimensional normed space, such that M(S) is contained in the unit sphere, and S is outside the closed unit ball. We show in three dimensions that this maximum (if it exists) is determined by the facial structure of the unit ball. In higher dimensions no such relationship exists. We also determine the maximum for euclidean and sup norm spaces.

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Abstract  

A polytope in a finite-dimensional normed space is subequilateral if the length in the norm of each of its edges equals its diameter. Subequilateral polytopes occur in the study of two unrelated subjects: surface energy minimizing cones and edge-antipodal polytopes. We show that the number of vertices of a subequilateral polytope in any d-dimensional normed space is bounded above by (d / 2 + 1)d for any d ≥ 2. The same upper bound then follows for the number of vertices of the edge-antipodal polytopes introduced by I. Talata [19]. This is a constructive improvement to the result of A. Pr (to appear) that for each dimension d there exists an upper bound f(d) for the number of vertices of an edge-antipodal d-polytopes. We also show that in d-dimensional Euclidean space the only subequilateral polytopes are equilateral simplices.

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Authors: Balázs Csikós, György Kiss, Konrad Swanepoel and P. Oloff de Wet

Abstract  

A family {A i | iI} of sets in ℝd is antipodal if for any distinct i, jI and any pA i, qA j, there is a linear functional ϕ:ℝd → ℝ such that ϕ(p) ≠ ϕ(q) and ϕ(p) ≤ ϕ(r) ≤ ϕ(q) for all r ∈ ∪iI A i. We study the existence of antipodal families of large finite or infinite sets in ℝ3.

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