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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Kresimir Dvojkovic, Georg Drezner, Daniela Horvat, Dario Novoselovic, and Valentina Spanic
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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Georg Drezner, Kresimir Dvojkovic, Daniela Horvat, Dario Novoselovic, and Alojzije Lalic
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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Alojzije Lalic, Josip Kovacevic, Georg Drezner, Dario Novoselovic, Darko Babic, Kresimir Dvojkovic, and Gordana Simic

The objective of research was to determine grain yield, hectoliter weight, grain proteins and starch content of 17 winter barley cultivars from trials at four locations (Tovarnik, Nova Gradiska, Pozega and Osijek) and during three years (2002 to 2005). All traits were significantly influenced by year (Y), location (L) and genotype (G) while sowing rate (300 and 450 seeds per m 2 ) and genotype*sowing rate (G*D) did not affect trait means (P>0,05). Interactions as year* sowing rate (Y*D), location*sowing rate (L*D) and year*location*sowing rate caused significant influence to grain yield and proteins and starch content in grains. Regression coefficient “bi”, ecovalence “W i ” and variance of deviations from regressions “S 2 d i ” pointed out best performance of cultivars Barun, Bingo and Gvozd in more intensive growing conditions due to its top yielding, lowest proteins and rich starch content of grains. Opposite to this, best yield and quality performance of cultivars at low input production could be expected from cultivars Plaisant, Vanessa, Favorit, Lord and Heraklo.

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Daniela Horvat, Zdenko Loncaric, Vladimir Vukadinovic, Georg Drezner, Blazenka Bertic, and Kresimir Dvojković

The effect of the N, P and K fertilisation on yield and quality parameters of cultivar Žitarka during two growing seasons (2002/03 and 2003/04) was studied. Fertilization increased yield, although only treatment with 200 kg N ha −1 yielded significantly higher than treatments with 80 kg N ha −1 . Protein content increased significantly (P<0.001) with the application of 80 kg N ha −1 , 120 kg N ha −1 and 160 kg N ha −1 . The highest N applications with 200 kg N ha −1 and 240 kg N ha −1 increased protein content on the same level as with 160 kg N ha −1 . Wet gluten and sedimentation value were also significantly (P<0.001) affected by N fertilizer treatments. Although increment of N fertilization increased values of these quality parameters, 120 kg N ha −1 , 160 kg N ha −1 and 200 kg N ha −1 treatments showed similar effect, while treatment with 240 kg N ha −1 resulted with significantly higher values. Gluten index increased only with applying 80 kg N ha −1 while the highest N levels (200 kg N ha −1 and 240 kg N ha −1 ) showed dramatically gluten weakening. Considering grain hardness only treatment with 80 kg N ha −1 had significant (P<0.001) influence. Simultaneously, P and K did not affect grain yield and quality, neither comparing PK to controle, or N 2 P 1 K 1 to N 2 P 2 K 2 .

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Georg Drezner, Kresimir Dvojkovic, Daniela Horvat, Dario Novoselovic, Alojzije Lalic, Darko Babic, and Josip Kovacevic

Trials with seven genotypes of winter wheat were set up as RCB design at four locations in continental part of Croatia in three repetitions during 2004 and 2005 year. Grain yield and indirect quality traits were analyzed. Statistically significant differences for all traits were found among cultivars (G), locations (L) and years (Y), and for all interactions (GxL, GxY, LxY, GxLxY) except for the interaction GxLxY for protein and wet gluten content and for the interaction term GxL for grain yield. In 2004 year higher grain yields were realized as compared to 2005. The same trend has been reached for all analysed quality traits (2004 was better than 2005) except for sedimentation value. The highest grain yields, test weights and wet gluten content were realized at location Osijek. Highest protein content and sedimentation value were found at location Nova Gradiska. The most yielding genotypes with lowest coefficient of variation for grain yield over locations and years were Seva, Demetra and Srpanjka, while the most favorable quality traits with the lowest coefficient of variation were found for Golubica, Zitarka and Panonka.

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Cereal Research Communications
Authors: Alojzije Lalic, Josip Kovacevic, Georg Drezner, Dario Novoselovic, Darko Babic, Kresimir Dvojkovic, and Gordana Simic

The objective of research was to determine grain yield, hectoliter weight, grain proteins and starch content of 17 winter barley cultivars from trials at four locations (Tovarnik, Nova Gradiska, Pozega and Osijek) and during three years (2002 to 2005). All traits were significantly influenced by year (Y), location (L) and genotype (G) while sowing rate (300 and 450 seeds per m 2 ) and genotype*sowing rate (G*D) did not affect trait means (P>0,05). Interactions as year* sowing rate (Y*D), location*sowing rate (L*D) and year*location*sowing rate caused significant influence to grain yield and proteins and starch content in grains. Regression coefficient “bi”, ecovalence “W i ” and variance of deviations from regressions “S 2 d i ” pointed out best performance of cultivars Barun, Bingo and Gvozd in more intensive growing conditions due to its top yielding, lowest proteins and rich starch content of grains. Opposite to this, best yield and quality performance of cultivars at low input production could be expected from cultivars Plaisant, Vanessa, Favorit, Lord and Heraklo.

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