L. Annaeus Cornutus - a késő-ókori grammatikusnál, Charisiusnál fennmaradt töredék alapján - Vegiliusról szóló kritikai művét Silius Italicusnak, a Punicacímű eposz szerzőjének ajánlotta, aki ifjúkorában Nero költői köréhez tartozott. Nero irodalmi köre történetének ismeretében és a töredék részletes elemzése alapján feltételezhető, hogy Cornutus ezt a művét, amelyet az idősebb Plinius idézhetett Dubius sermocímű művében, alighanem a 60-as évek elején írta és jelentette meg.
At the beginning of the 19th century, when the poets wanted to create the national epic poem of Hungarians, they followed the Aeneid; at the end of the 18th century, when the agricultural reform was established in Hungary under the Habsburgs, the poets wrote agricultural poems in Vergilian form and translated and modernized his Georgics. The world of Vergil depicted in the Eclogues and in the Georgics became the idealized Arcadia, and poets and writers or the aristocracy — influenced by Vergil — wanted to create their own Arcadia. The pastoral theme and the bucolical forms were very popular in Hungarian literature of this period, at the end of the 18th century. The poets had pastoral names, and very different topics were expressed in eclogues (e.g. actual events of politics). In the first half of the 20th century Vergil had a new renaissance connected to the bimillennium of his birth. And this renaissance reached the most expressive element of the presence of Vergil’s Bucolics in the poetry of Miklós Radnóti (1909–1944), whose eclogues are the most tragic expression of cruelty of war. My paper focuses on the influence of Virgil’s Bucolics in Radnóti’s poetry, but his examples can attest to the deep influence of Vergil on Hungarian literature.
In Chapter 24 of Tacitus’ Agricola the historian claims — as it is frequently mentioned in the various editions of this work — that he heard his father-in-law discuss the easy invasion of Ireland (Hibernia) many times. In this paper the author attempts to demonstrate that the Zweibrücken-edition of the Agricola offers a more plausible text-variation.
All the actors in Octavia, a pseudo-Senecan drama, are afraid of something. Only the Roman people are capable of overcoming their fears and of supporting the emperor's rejected wife and this eventually leads to their fall. Octavia, who enjoys the people's sympathy, nonetheless remains passive. Her passivity can be interpreted as a form of resistance through inactivity - she considers this the only means of preventing the impending marriage between Nero and Poppea.
In 384 AD, on the anniversary of the martyrdom of St Peter and Paul, St Jerome wrote a short letter (Letter 31) to Eustochium. In it, he thanked her for the presents (doves, epistels and bracelets) that Eustochium, his pupil, had sent him for the celebration. In the study the author attempts to shed light on the true nature of these gifts.
As testified by a fragment, which survived in the oeuvre of Charisius, a grammarian from the late Antiquity, L. Annaeus Cornutus dedicated his critical work on Virgil to Silius Italicus, the author of the epic entitled Punica, who belonged to Nero's circle of literati in his youth. Given the knowledge of the history of Nero's literary circle and the findings of a careful examination of the fragment, it can be assumed that this work of Cornutus, which might have been quoted by Pliny the Elder in his Dubius sermo, was probably written and published in the early 60s (A.D.).