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  • Author or Editor: L. Judovits x
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The entropies of trigonal, monoclinic and glassy selenium are discussed based on the ATHAS data bank data and third law entropy considerations. Within the error limit both trigonal and monoclinic selenium have zero residual entropy at zero kelvin temperature. The residual entropy of glassy Se is similar in magnitude to other linear macromolecules.

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Abstract

Determination of compatibility in the amorphous phase for a two component blend is usually accomplished by analyzing for whether one notes one or two glass transitions. This can be complicated when one of the components is semicrystalline and its melting peak obscures the second glass transition. Quasi-isothermal differential scanning calorimetry (QiDSC) can be used to detect an obscured glass transition by allowing the semicrystalline component to melt and relax revealing the underlying glass transition of the other component. QiDSC is accomplished by performing a modulated temperature DSC experiment at a particular temperature and step ramping through the transitions of interest. For this study two systems are investigated. The first system is a model system based on a blend of polystyrene (PS) and a copolymer of vinylidene fluoride and hexafluoropropylene, P(VF2/HFP). The glass transition for the PS occurs at the same temperature as the melting point for the fluoro-copolymer. The second system is a fluoro-copolymer/acrylic dried latex. In both cases the hidden glass transition can be noted in the reversing heat capacity of the QiDSC analysis.

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Abstract  

Vinyl siding is typically produced by co-extruding a capstock (surface layer) over a PVC substrate formulation. The capstock is often non-PVC, these systems can result in warpage during or after production. In our study we will show that this warpage can result from an interfacial induced stress related to the mismatch between the glass transition of the substrate and the capstock. Additionally, both TMA and TMDSC were used to probe the stress release. Capstock formulations which better match the glass transition of the PVC substrate result in superior performance.

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Abstract  

Although reorganization in metastable polymeric crystals has been recognized for over 30 years, the effect of molecular weight on the reorganization process has not been widely investigated. In this work three polymeric systems were studied: poly(vinylidene fluoride), polyamide 12, and poly(p-phenylene sulfide). For the polymers investigated, the lowest molecular weight sample was found to reorganize the most and, conversely, the highest molecular weight sample was found to reorganize the least. Comparisons of each system show that independent of molecular weight the reorganization rates among the three systems could be differentiated with the polyamide showing the greatest reorganization and the poly(phenylene sulfide) the least. Both conventional differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and temperature-modulated DSC (TMDSC) were used in this study to investigate the reorganization process.

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