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  • Author or Editor: L. Sanders x
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Abstract  

The nuclear track technique (NTT) is used to enhance the porosity of silica micro-particles. The enhanced porosity is a result of the formation of surface and interior pores or tracks in the silica by the action of external and internal fission fragments. The fission tracks produced at the surface and within the interior of the micro-particles are a result of coating the particles with trace quantitities of uranium, instead of having trace quantities of uranium incorporated within the silica matrix.

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Abstract  

A sediment core was taken to determine if sediment accumulation rates could be conducted using 240+239Pu signatures in the coastal mangrove mudflats of southeastern Brazil. The results from this study show that 240+239Pu fallout activities are sufficient and well preserved in the coastal sediments of this region. Sediment accumulation rates determined from the 240+239Pu signatures were 4.4 mm/year and 4.1 from 210Pb (CIC) method. A sediment mixing coefficient rate was calculated using chlorophyll-a profile (9.5 cm2).

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Abstract  

A sediment core from an estuarine area receiving drainage from the highly industrialized Cubatão River basin (SE Brazil) showed 226Ra and 210Pb activities up to 80 and 213 Bq kg−1, respectively, which are greater than activities considered as regional background levels. Radionuclides and the elevated phosphorus concentrations (up to 0.3% sediment dry weight) found along the sediment core were significantly correlated with each other, indicating source similarity. These results indicate that 226Ra and 210Pb activities are affected by fertilizer industry-derived inputs in addition to natural sources. This interpretation was supported by 210Pb/226Ra ratios (found to be between 2.6 and 3.9) that indicate disequilibrium between 226Ra and its decay product 210Pb, as expected for phosphogypsum-affected sediments.

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