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Abstract  

Three samples of silicon dioxide were syhthesized and their surface areas were measured. A thermo-chemical cycle was designed to calculate the molar formation enthalpy. The molar formation enthalpy, Δf H m Φ, for three amorphous silica with the Langmuir surface area 198.0854, 25.1108 and 11.9821 m2 g−1 gave −895.52, −910.86 and −915.67 kJ mol−1, respectively. With the increasing surface area, the values of Δf H m Φ increased accordingly. The results suggest that the silica with larger surface area is more unstable. The wetting heat was also measured by adding the silica powder into water. With the rehydration of the more SiOH groups on the surface, the larger surface areas of silica lead to the more wetting heat. A smaller particle has the more unstable hydroxyl groups and surface energy.

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Abstract  

The biological activity of a kind of hetero-bimetallic Schiff-base complex was studied using Escherichia coli (E. coli) cell as the target. By microcalorimetry, the difference of anti-bacterial activity between the binuclear Schiff-base and the ligand was determined and analyzed. To analyze the inhibition of the bacterial growth internally, the E. coli cells grown in the presence of hetero-bimetallic Schiff-base complex were observed by scanning electron microscopy. The images in high resolution revealed the damage of outer cell membrane caused the inhibitory effect on E. coli. Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry results proved the absorption of the complex by cells, which confirmed the interaction between the Schiff-base and biological macromolecule.

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Abstract  

The standard molar enthalpy of combustion of cholesterol was measured at constant volume. According to value of Δr U m θ(−14358.4±20.65 kJ mol−1), Δr H m θ(−14385.7 kJ mol−1) of combustion reaction and Δf H m θ(2812.9 kJ mol−1) of cholesterol were obtained from the reaction equation. The enthalpy of combustion reaction of cholesterol was also estimated by the average bond enthalpies. By design of a thermo-chemical recycle, the enthalpy of combustion of cholesterol were calculated between 283.15∼373.15 K. Besides, molar enthalpy and entropy of fusion of cholesterol was obtained by DSC technique.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
S. Jingyan
,
L. Jie
,
D. Yun
,
H. Ling
,
Y. Xi
,
W. Zhiyong
,
L. Yuwen
, and
W. Cunxin

Abstract  

The thermal behavior of nicotinic acid under inert conditions was investigated by TG, FTIR and TG/DSC-FTIR. The results of TG/DSC-FTIR and FTIR indicated that the thermal behavior of nicotinic acid can be divided into four stages: a solid-solid phase transition (176–198°C), the process of sublimation (198–232°C), melting (232–263°C) and evaporation (263–325°C) when experiment was performed at the heating rate of 20 K min−1. The thermal analysis kinetic calculation of the second stage (sublimation) and the fourth stage (evaporation) were carried out respectively. Heating rates of 1, 1.5, 2 and 3 K min−1 were used to determine the sublimation kinetics. The apparent activation energy, pre-exponential factor and the most probable model function were obtained by using the master plots method. The results indicated that sublimation process can be described by one-dimensional phase boundary reaction, g(α)=α. And the ‘kinetic triplet’ of evaporation process was also given at higher heating rates of 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 K min−1. Evaporation process can be described by model of nucleation and nucleus growing,
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$g(\alpha ) = \left[ { - \ln (1 - \alpha )} \right]^{\frac{1} {3}}$$ \end{document}
.
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Thermal decomposition of the carbon nanotube/SiO2precursor powders

Thermal analysis coupled with mass spectrometry

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors:
H. Yu
,
C. Lu
,
T. Xi
,
L. Luo
,
J. Ning
, and
C. Xiang

Summary  

TG-DSC-MS (thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry-mass spectrometry) coupling techniques were used to make a simultaneous characterizing study for the thermal decomposition process of the carbon nanotube (CNT)/SiO2precursor powders prepared by rapid sol-gel method. The thermal stability of the CNT and the SiO2pure gel were investigated by TG-DSC. The results showed that the oxidation of CNT began from 530 and combusted at about 678C at the heating rate of 10C min-1in air. Moreover, the faster the heating rate, the higher the temperature of CNT combustion. The appropriate calcinations temperature of the CNT/SiO2precursor powders should be held for 1 h at 500C.

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