The research, development and production of isotopes and their products have made great progress in the past years. A comprehensive nuclear industry has been established. At present, isotope-and radiation technology has been developed rapidly and applied extensively in many fields such as agriculture, industry and medicine in China. Some successful projects have generated considerable economical and social benefits. Organized efforts are being made to ensure continuing research and development of isotope and radiation technologies to meet the challenges and opportunities in the turn of the century.
Authors:L. Xiao, Y. Li, S. Wang, Z. Fang, and G. Qiu
The principle for the electro-generative simultaneous leaching (EGSL) is applied to simultaneous leaching of pyrite-MnO2 in this paper. A galvanic system for the bio-electro-generative simultaneous leaching (BEGSL) has been set up. The equation
of electric quantity vs. time is used to study the effect of produced sulfur on electro-generative efficiency and quantity. It has been shown that
the resistance decreased in the presence of Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans (A. thiooxidans) with the increase of electro-generative efficiency. The effects of temperature and grain size on rate of ferrous extraction
from pyrite under the conditions of presence and absence of A. thiooxidans were studied, respectively. The changes in the extraction rate of Fe2+ as particle size in presence of A. thiooxidans were more evident than that in the absence, which indicated that the extraction in bio-electro-generative leaching was affected
by particle size remarkably. Around the optimum culture temperature for A. thiooxidans, the bigger change in the conversion rate of Fe2+ was depending on temperature. The transferred charge in BEGSL including part of S0 to sulfate group in the presence of (A. thiooxidans) which is called as biologic electric quantity, and the ratio of biologic electric quantity reached to 58.10% in 72 h among
the all-transferred charge.
The inhibitory effects of three berberine alkaloids (BAs) from Coptis chinensis Franch on Bifidobacterium adolescentis growth were investigated by microcalorimetry. The growth rate constant (k) and maximum heat-output power (Pmax) decreased and peak time of maximum heat-output power (tp) prolonged with the increase of BAs concentration. Half inhibitory ratios (IC50) BAs were respectively 790.3 (berberine),
339.6 (coptisine) and 229.8 μL−1 (palmatine), which indicated the sequence of their antimicrobial activity: berberine<coptisine<palmatine. Combined with previous
findings, the sequence which could show the bioactivity of Bacillus shigae and Escherichia coli was: berberine>coptisine>palmatine. The structure-function relationship of BAs indicated that the functional group methylenedioxy
or methoxyl at C2 and C3 might be the major group inducing the activities of BAs on E. coli and B. adolescentis. Meanwhile, the substituent groups at C2, C3, C9 and C10 almost had equal effect on B. shigae.
Authors:L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Q. Li, Q. Zhang, and K. Wang
Fingernails of pathologically diagnosed normal people, light esophageal epitheliosis patients, severe esophageal epitheliosis patients and esophageal cancer patients were irradiated and their elemental contents were determined by INAA. Multivariate statistical treatment of Ca, Cl, K. Mg, Se and Zn data shows that esophageal cancer patients are distinguishable from non-cancer patients. The accuracy computed by neural networks is greater than 80%.
Authors:N. Dragoe, K. Nakahara, L. Xiao, H. Shimotani, and K. Kitazawa
The thermal decomposition of methano-fullerene derivatives such as ethoxycarbonyl methano fullerene and various isomers
of bis-(ethoxycarbonyl methano) fullerene leads to new fullerene derivatives, which have been preliminary characterized.
The analysis of separated species was performed by UV-VIS, IR, H- and C-NMR, STM, FAB, LDI and MALDI-TOF MS spectroscopy.
One of the isolated phases is a C122 molecule with a dumbbell-like structure.
Authors:J. Zhao, L. Zhong, L. Zou, C. Zhang, L. Peng, W. Xiao, and G. Zhao
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of endophytic fungi from tartary buckwheat on the host sprout growth and functional metabolite production. Without obvious changes in the appearance of the sprouts, the exogenous fungal mycelia elicitors notably stimulated the sprout growth and rutin accumulation, and the stimulation effect was mainly depended on the mycelia elicitor species along with its treatment dose. Three endophytic fungi Fat6 (Bionectria pityrodes), Fat9 (Fusarium oxysporum) and Fat15 (Alternaria sp.) were screened to be the most effective candidates for promoting F. tataricum sprout growth and rutin production. With application of polysaccharide (PS, 150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat6, PS (200 mg/l) of endophyte Fat9, and PS (150 mg/l) of endophyte Fat15, the rutin yield was effectively increased to 47.89 mg/(100 sprouts), 45.85 mg/(100 sprouts) and 46.83 mg/(100 sprouts), respectively. That was about 1.5- to 1.6-fold compared to the control culture of 29.37 mg/(100 sprouts). Furthermore, the present study revealed that the biosynthesis of the functional flavonoid resulted from the stimulation of the phenylpropanoid pathway by mycelia polysaccharide treatments. Application of specific fungal elicitors could be an efficient strategy for improving the nutritional and functional quality of tartary buckwheat sprouts.
Authors:H.-L. Liu, S.-J. Liu, Z.-L. Xiao, Q.-Y. Chen, and D.-W. Yang
Excess molar enthalpies of binary mixtures for tributyl
phosphate (TBP)+methanol/ethanol were measured with a TAM air Isothermal calorimeter
at 298.15 K and ambient. The results for xTBP+(1–x)CH3OH
are negative in the whole range of composition, while the values for xTBP+(1–x)C2H5OH
change from positive values at low x to
small negative values at high x. The experimental
results have been correlated with the Redlich–Kister polynomial. IR
spectra of the mixtures were measured to investigate the effect of hydrogen
bonding in the mixture.
Authors:S. Xiao, J. Zhang, X. Li, L. Ye, H. Gu, and N. Ren
A ternary binuclear complex of dysprosium chloride hexahydrate with m-nitrobenzoic acid and 1,10-phenanthroline, [Dy(m-NBA)3phen]2·4H2O (m-NBA: m-nitrobenzoate; phen: 1,10-phenanthroline) was synthesized. The dissolution enthalpies of [2phen·H2O(s)], [6m-HNBA(s)], [2DyCl3·6H2O(s)], and [Dy(m-NBA)3phen]2·4H2O(s) in the calorimetric solvent (VDMSO:VMeOH = 3:2) were determined by the solution–reaction isoperibol calorimeter at 298.15 K to be
Authors:F. Wang, H. Fan, D. Chen, H. Bai, Z. Chen, and L. Xiao
Radiolabeled somatostatin analogue is a useful ligand for scintigraphic imaging of somatostatin receptor-bearing tumors. In
this study, we investigated the effects of different radiolabeling conditions on labeling yield and ratio between mono-iodinated
and di-iodinated125I-Tyr3-octreotide by HPLC analysis. In vitro and in vivo stabilities of125I-Tyr3-octreotide and111In-DTPA-D-Phe1-octreotide were also determined. Both radiolabeled compounds were relatively stable in vitro, but were decomposed to free125I− and111In-DTPA in vivo, respectively.
Authors:S. Wang, L. Xiao, Y. Li, Z. Fang, G. Qiu, and J. Li
A dual cell system was used to study the electrogenerative leaching sphalerite-MnO2 under the conditions of presence and absence of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A. ferrooxidans). The polarization of anode and cathode, and the relationship between the electric quantity (Q) and some factors, such as the dissolved Zn2+, Fe2+, the time in the bio-electro-generating simultaneous leaching (BEGSL) and electro-generating simultaneous leaching (EGSL),
The results show that the dissolved Zn2+ in the presence of A. ferrooxidans is nearly 60% higher than that in the absence of A. ferrooxidans; the electrogenerative quantity in the former is about 134% more than that in the latter. A three-electrode system was applied
to study anodic and cathodic self-corrosion current, which was inappreciable compared with the galvanic current between sphalerite
and MnO2. The accumulated sulfur on the surface of sulfides produced in the electrogenerative leaching process could be oxidized in
the presence of A. ferrooxidans, and the ratio of biological electric quantity reached to 31.72% in 72 h.