We obtain the structure theorem for -Hopf bimodules over Hopf algebroids, where H is the total algebra of the Hopf algebroid . Based on this theorem, we investigate the structure theorem for comodule algebras over Hopf algebroids.
Inhalation of tobacco smoke is ranked second to food as a source of210Pb and210Po exposure to man. Assay of210Pb and210Po in commercially available tobacco collected from many countries have been carried out to assess the potential risk from210Po present in tobacco.The range of210Po contained in the tobacco grands varied from 10.08 to 15.0 mBq/tob or 13.0 to 20.1 mBq/g and the mean was 11.6 mBq/tob or 15.4 mBq/g. During the International Standard Smoking process about 50% of210Po present in tobaccos was transferred into the smoke and the other 50% remained in the ash and butt. About 10% of the total210Po of tobacco was inhaled by smoke through mainstream smoke. One pack-a-day smoker inhaled 24 mBq of210Po per day through smoking and the annual inhalation was 8.8 Bq. The risk of mortality from lung cancer caused by210Po in tobaccos was 18 per million persons for the above model.
Authors:X. Zhang, Y. Ding, Y. Zhang, Y. Hao, G. Meng and L. Zhang
Highly oriented single crystal antimony nanowire arrays have been synthesized within anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) template
by pulsed electrodeposition. Thermal behavior and oxidation analysis of the antimony nanowires have been investigated by means
of thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry in Ar and air atmosphere, respectively. Compared to bulk antimony,
the antimony nanowires exhibit a lower sublimation temperature at 496.4°C. Evident oxidation of the Sb nanowires occurs at
429.8°C in air atmosphere and α-Sb2O4 nanowires have been obtained as the oxidation product. The results indicate that the sublimation and the oxidation of the
antimony nanowires in the AAO template is a slow multi-step process. The present results are of relevance when processing
antimony nanowries for thermoelectric applications at high temperatures.
The paper is concerned with endomorphism algebras for weak Doi-Hopf modules. Under the condition “weak Hopf-Galois extensions”,
we present the structure theorem of endomorphism algebras for weak Doi-Hopf modules, which extends Theorem 3.2 given by Schneider
in . As applications of the structure theorem, we obtain the Kreimer-Takeuchi theorem (see Theorem 1.7 in ) and the
Nikshych duality theorem (see Theorem 3.3 in ) in the case of weak Hopf algebras, respectively.
Authors:L. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Q. Li, Q. Zhang and K. Wang
Fingernails of pathologically diagnosed normal people, light esophageal epitheliosis patients, severe esophageal epitheliosis patients and esophageal cancer patients were irradiated and their elemental contents were determined by INAA. Multivariate statistical treatment of Ca, Cl, K. Mg, Se and Zn data shows that esophageal cancer patients are distinguishable from non-cancer patients. The accuracy computed by neural networks is greater than 80%.
Authors:B. Hu, Y. Song, L. Wang, Q. Zhang, J. Li, K. Wei, Y. Chen and L. Zhang
Electronic stopping power of 19F in Ni, Pd and Gd was measured and compared to Mstar and SRIM calculation as well as experimental results published in literature.
It turns out that the present electronic stopping power agrees reasonably well with them.
Gastrodia elata Blume polysaccharide (GEP) was extracted and then chemically characterised. Its antioxidant activity was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The results of the in vitro investigation show that GEP consists of glucose with molecular weight of 875 185 Da and exhibits high hydroxyl radical scavenging, as well as 2,2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl activity and reducing capacity. For antioxidant activity in vivo, D-galactose-induced-aged mice were orally administered with three different doses of GEP over a period of 6 weeks. The administration of GEP dosedependently increased the body weight gain rates, liver and brain indices, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities, and malondialdehyde levels in the sera and brains of ageing mice. These results suggest that GEP exhibits high antioxidant activity and can retard human ageing associated with free radicals.
Authors:R. Liu, Q.N. Zhang, J. Lu, C.H. Zhang, L. Zhang and Y. Wu
Salt stress is one of the major abiotic stress which severely limits plant growth and reduces crop productivity across the world. In the present study, the effects of exogenous pyridoxal-5-phosphate (vitamin B6, VB6) on seedling growth and development of wheat under salt stress were investigated. The results showed that exogenous application of pyridoxal-5-phosphate (VB6) significantly increased the RWC, biomass, the concentration of photosynthetic pigments, proline, the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), together with decreasing the content of Malondiadehyde (MDA) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in wheat leaves under salt stress. Meanwhile, the transcript level of P5CR, P5CS, SOD, TaSOS1 and TaSOS4 were also up-regulated after treatment with pyridoxal-5-phosphate. VB6 acts as a signal in regulating the activities of plant antioxidant enzymes and SOS pathway to improve resistance to salt stress. The current study results may give an insight into the regulatory roles of VB6 in improving salt stress and VB6 could be an easily and effective method to improve salt-stress tolerance to wheat in the field condition. It is urgency to understand the molecular mechanism of VB6 to enhance the salt tolerance of wheat in the next work.
Authors:J. Zhang, L. Ge, X. Zhang, Y. Dai, H. Chen and L. Mo
The thermal decomposition of Zn[NFA]2
5H2O (NFA=C16H18FN3O3, norfloxacin) and its kinetics were studied under non-isothermal conditions in air by TG-DTG and DTA methods. The intermediate and residue for each decomposition were identified from the TG curve. The non-isothermal kinetic data were analyzed by means of the Achar method and the Madhusudanan-Krishnan-Ninan (MKN) method. The possible reaction mechanisms were investigated by comparing the kinetic parameters. The kinetic equation for the second stage can be expressed as d/dt=Aexp(–E/RT)(1–).