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The study analyzes the changes in the religious and social life of a Roma Pentecostal community in an ethnically mixed village, and the relationship between migration practices and conversion to Pentecostalism. In the first part of the study, the author presents the Roma community and outlines the circumstances under which Pentecostalism emerged among them. Thereafter, the two types of migration practiced by the Roma will be presented: migration focused mainly on northern European countries, based on panhandling, and migration aimed at longer term residence in the countries of Western Europe. The analysis points to the importance of foreign migration-related income in the changing situation of the Roma, as well as the role of the Pentecostal religion in the modernization changes that began in the Roma community.

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The article analyses the circumstances of the origin, the course and after-life of a folk religious movement that emerged in 1986, during the time of the communist dictatorship. The religious movement arose in a region inhabited by an ethnic group constituting a religious and linguistic minority, the Csángós of Moldavia, in one of the most economically backward zones of Romania. The Csángós of Moldavia (a Hungarian-speaking, Roman Catholic ethnic group) in many respects resemble pre-industrial ethnic groups; their world view and religious practice have mediaeval characteristics. The Romanian communist regime had one of the community's leaders killed; a doctor who was also a consecrated priest. After his death people began to attribute miraculous, healing power to the well in front of his house. As a result the well soon became a place of pilgrimage attracting crowds of thousands. The Securitate (the Romanian secret police) tried to prevent the development of the cult; it dispersed what had become a constant crowd of believers around the well and placed it under police control. Despite the bans the pilgrimages did not stop, on the contrary they increasingly took on the character of a movement. After the area around the well was closed, the destination of the pilgrimages was shifted to the village cemetery where the doctor was buried and where the miracles, healings and visions continued.

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The paper analyses the social history and the cultural aspects of collective visions from the traditional Moldavian Csángó culture. It shows the mechanism of how in times of economic and social crisis the social fears are reflected in visions. The author argues that the collective visions played an important role in the articulation of crisis in a transforming Moldavian Csángó society. He mentions the conditions and circumstances of their appearance, their ontological qualities (sacred-demonic), the attitude of the church to them, the features of the visions compared with the Orthodox religious culture. For the exceptionally religious Csángó community, for whom the religious experience has a very deep emotional meaning, the otherworld has medieval importance. They accept the reality of the other-world without transcendental experience. The visions announce visual certainty about this important religious structure.

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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Authors:
László Mód
,
József Hála
, and
Lehel Peti
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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Authors:
Zsuzsanna Muntag-Tabajdi
,
Anikó Báti
,
László Mód
,
Krisztina Frauhammer
,
Lehel Peti
,
László Lukács
, and
Julianna Örsi
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Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Authors:
László Mód
,
Netta Nagy
,
Zoltán Miklós
,
Lehel Peti
,
Laura Iancu
,
Éva Deák
, and
Zsuzsa Borók

Zoltán Fejős: Tárgyfordítások. Néprajzi Múzeumi Tanulmányok [Object Translations. Ethnographical Museum Studies]. Budapest: Gondolat Kiadó 2003; Miklós Cseri-Zoltán Fejős-Zsuzsa Szarvas (eds.): Touristic Construction and Consumption of Culture. Budapest-Szentendre: Magyar Néprajzi Társaság-Néprajzi Múzeum-Szabadtéri Néprajzi Múzeum 2004; Sándor Oláh: Falusi látleletek [Dörfliche Fundberichte]. Csíkszereda: Pro-Print Könyvkiadó 2004; József Gagyi: A krízis éve. 1949 [Das Jahr der Krise. 1949]. Csíkszereda: Pro-Print Könyvkiadó 2004; Elena Rodica Colta: Repere pentru o mitologie a românilor din Ungaria[Data on the Beliefs of the Romanians in Hungary]. Cluj-Napoca: Editura Fundaţia Pentru Studii Europene 2004; Ene Kõresaar-Art Lee (eds.): Everyday Life and Cultural Patterns. International Festschrift for Elle Vunder. (Studies in Folk Culture, Volume III.) Tartu: Tartu University Press 2004; Michael Simon: “Volksmedizin” im frühen 20. Jahrhundert. Zum Quellenwert des Atlas der deutschen Volkskunde. Gesellschaft für Volkskunde in Rheinland-Pfalz e.V. (Studien zur Volkskunde 28.) Mainz 2003

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