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  • Author or Editor: Lei Chen x
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Abstract  

Sorption and desorption of radioeuropium on red earth and its solid components to remove organic matter was studied at pH 5.3±0.1 and 4.5±0.1, and in 0.01M and 0.001M NaClO4 solutions, respectively. Eu(III) sorption showed strong pH and humic acid concentration dependency, and NaClO4 concentration independency. The sorption increased with increasing pH and amount of HA adsorbed on red earth. The sorption of Eu(III) on red earth was mainly dominated by surface complexation. Humic acid and high pH had a great tendency to immobilize the movement of Eu(III) in red earth. Sorption-desorption hysteresis of Eu(III) on red earth indicated that the sorption was irreversible.

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Abstract  

Clay minerals have been widely used in wastewater disposal due to their strong sorption and complexation ability towards various environmental pollutants. In this study, the removal of Zn(II) from aqueous solution by natural halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) was studied as a function of various solution chemistry conditions such as contact time, pH, ionic strength, coexisting electrolyte ions and temperature under ambient conditions. The results indicated that the removal of Zn(II) by HNTs was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms of Zn(II) at three different temperatures of 293, 313 and 333 K. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0 and ΔG 0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms indicated that the removal process of Zn(II) by HNTs was endothermic and spontaneous. At low pH, the removal of Zn(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and/or cation exchange with Na+/H+ on HNT surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main removal mechanism at high pH. From the experimental results, one can conclude that HNTs may have a good potentiality for the disposal of Zn(II)-bearing wastewaters.

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Abstract  

Iron oxide/multiwalled carbon nanotube magnetic composites (denoted as magnetic composites) were synthesized and characterized in detail. The magnetic composites can be separated from aqueous solution easily by using magnetic separation method. The application of magnetic composites in the removal of Eu(III) from large volumes of aqueous solutions was studied. The results indicated that the sorption of Eu(III) on the magnetic composites was strongly dependent on pH values and weakly dependent on ionic strength. The sorption of Eu(III) on the magnetic composites was mainly dominated by inner-sphere surface complexation. The linear sorption isotherms of Eu(III) suggested that Eu(III) sorption on the magnetic composites was far from saturation. The large sorption capacity and the easy magnetic separation method indicate that the magnetic composites may be a promising suitable material in nuclear waste management in future.

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Abstract  

Sorption of radionickel on attapulgite is studied as a function of contact time, ionic strength, pH and temperature. The results indicate that the sorption of Ni(II) on attapulgite is strongly ionic strength-dependent at pH <8, and independent of ionic strength at pH >8. Outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange contributes to Ni(II) sorption on attapulgite at pH <8, whereas the sorption of Ni(II) is mainly dominated by inner-sphere surface complexation at pH >8. The sorption of Ni(II) on attapulgite increases with increasing temperature, and the thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔG 0 and ΔS 0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms suggest that the sorption of Ni(II) on attapulgite is a spontaneous and endothermic process. The high sorption capacity of attapulgite suggests that attapulgite is a suitable material for the preconcentration and solidification of radionickel from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

The sorption of Cd(II) from aqueous solution on γ-Al2O3 was investigated under ambient conditions. Experiments were carried out as a function of contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, fulvic acid and temperature. The results indicated that the sorption of Cd(II) was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. At low pH, the sorption of Cd(II) was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation and ion exchange with Na+/H+ on γ-Al2O3 surfaces, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures. The thermodynamic data (ΔG 0, ΔS 0, ΔH 0) calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms suggested that the sorption of Cd(II) on γ-Al2O3 was an spontaneous and endothermic process.

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In this paper, the sorption of Co(II) from aqueous solution to Ca-montmorillonite was studied under ambient conditions by using batch technique. The effects of contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength and temperature on the sorption of Co(II) to Ca-montmorillonite was also investigated. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH values. The sorption was dependent on ionic strength at low pH values, but independent of ionic strength at high pH values. Outer-sphere surface complexes were formed on the surface of Ca-montmorillonite at low pH values, whereas inner-sphere surface complexes were formed at high pH values. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms of Co(II) at three different temperatures. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔH 0, ΔS 0 and ΔG 0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms, and the results indicated that the sorption reaction of Co(II) to Ca-montmorillonite was an endothermic and spontaneous process. The high sorption capacity of Co(II) on Ca-montmorillonite suggests that the Ca-montmorillonite is a suitable material for the preconcentration and solidification of radiocobalt from aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

Sorption of U(VI) from aqueous solution to Na-attapulgite was investigated at different experimental chemistry conditions by using batch technique. The attapulgite sample was characterized by FTIR and XRD. Sorption of U(VI) on attapulgite was strongly dependent on pH and ionic strength. The sorption of U(VI) on attapulgite increased quickly with rising pH at pH < 6, and decreased with increasing pH at pH > 7. The presence of humic acid (HA) enhanced the sorption of U(VI) on attapulgite obviously at low pH because of the strong complexation of surface adsorbed HA with U(VI) on attapulgite surface. Sorption of U(VI) on attapulgite was mainly dominated by ion exchange and/or outer-sphere surface complexation at low pH values, whereas the sorption was attributed to the inner-sphere surface complexation or precipitation at high pH values. The sorption increased with increasing temperature and the thermodynamic parameters calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms suggested that the sorption of U(VI) on attapulgite was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The results indicate that attapulgite is a very suitable material for the preconcentration of U(VI) ions from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

The sorption of Co(II) from aqueous solution on Na-rectorite was investigated under ambient conditions. Experiments were carried out as a function of contact time, solid content, pH, ionic strength, foreign ions, fulvic acid and temperature. The results indicated that the sorption of Co(II) was strongly dependent on pH. At low pH the sorption was dominated by outer-sphere surface complexation or ion exchange, whereas inner-sphere surface complexation was the main sorption mechanism at high pH. The Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) models were used to simulate the sorption isotherms at three different temperatures. The thermodynamic data (∆G 0, ∆S 0, ∆H 0) were calculated from the temperature dependent sorption isotherms and the results suggested that the sorption process of Co(II) on Na-rectorite was spontaneous and endothermic. Experimental results indicate that Na-rectorite is a suitable adsorbent for preconcentration and solidification of Co(II) from large volumes of aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

Sorption and desorption of Co(II) on montmorillonite under ambient conditions as a function of pH, ionic strength and fulvic acid are studied by batch technique. The results indicate that the sorption of Co(II) is dependent on pH, and ionic strength. The sorption-desorption hysteresis is found in the desorption tests. Surface complexation is considered as the main sorption mechanism of Co(II) on montmorillonite. The presence of fulvic acid (FA) enhances the sorption of Co(II) on montmorillonite. Montmorillonite is considered as a promising candidate for the solidification and pre-concentration of Co(II) from large volume of solutions.

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Abstract  

The synergic extraction of uranyl nitrate from chloroform media with 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-pyrazonole-5 /PMBP/, tributylphosphate /TBP/ and thenoyltrifluorylacetone /TTA/ was studied. It was found that synergic effect occurs during the extraction of uranyl nitrate with the chloroform solution of PMBP-TTA-TBP. The formation of the ternary extracted complex UO2AA'B was confirmed by the usual slope method. A method was proposed for the calculation of the ternary equilibrium constant which was evaluated to be 1gK111=2.65. Also the binary synergic extractions of uranyl nitrate with PMBP-TBP and TTA-TBP were studied. The binary equilibrium constants were found to be 1gK201=3.07 and 1gK021=1.39, respectively. An attempt has been made to interpret the data mainly on the basis of statistical factor.

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