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Acta Physiologica Hungarica
Authors:
Jin-Song Wei
,
Zhe-Bin Jin
,
Zhi-Qiang Yin
,
Qiang-Min Xie
,
Ji-Qiang Chen
,
Zi-Gang Li
, and
Hui-Fang Tang

In order to determine whether local anesthetics directly affect the propagation and strength of myometrial contractions, we compared the effects of bupivacaine, ropivacaine, lidocaine and tetracaine on the contractions of myometrium isolated from pregnant and non-pregnant rats. Full-thickness myometrial strips were obtained from 18- to 21-day pregnant and non-pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats and incubated in an organ bath. When spontaneous contractions became regular, strips were exposed to cumulative concentrations of the four local anesthetics ranging from 0.01 to 300 μmol/L and the amplitude and frequency of contraction were recorded. All four compounds caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of the contractility of pregnant and non-pregnant uterine muscle. In pregnant myometrium, the concentration that caused 50% inhibition (IC50) was 100 μmol/L for bupivacaine, 157 μmol/L for ropivacaine, > 1000 μmol/L for lidocaine, and 26.3 μmol/L for tetracaine. In non-pregnant myometrium, the IC50 was 26.9 μmol/L for bupivacaine, 40 μmol/L for ropivacaine, 384 μmol/L for lidocaine, and 7.4 μmol/L for tetracaine. These results suggested that local anesthetics do inhibit myometrial contractions in pregnant and non-pregnant rats in a concentration-dependent manner.

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Abstract  

This study is aimed at observing the apoptosis and Bcl-2/Bax gene expression of mammalian cells following heavy-ion and X-ray irradiations. Exponentially growing human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells cultured in vitro were irradiated with a 12C ion beam of 50 MeV/u (corresponding to a LET value of 44.56 keV/μm) from Heavy Ion Research Facility in Lanzhou (HIRFL) at doses varying from 0 to 3 Gy. The X-ray irradiation (8 MV) was performed in the therapy unit of the General Hospital of the Lanzhou Military Area. Survival fractions of irradiated cells at various doses were measured by means of MTT assay. Apoptotic cells after irradiation were analyzed with fluorescence microscope and flow cytometer (FCM). Immuno-histological assay were applied to detect the expression of Bcl-2/Bax genes in the irradiated cells. The survival fraction of SMMC-7721 cells decreased gradually (vs. control p<0.05) with increasing the dose of the carbon ion beam more obviously than X-ray irradiation, and the carbon ion irradiation efficiently induced cell apoptosis and significantly promoted the expression of Bax gene while Bcl-2 gene expression was restrained. High-LET heavy ion beam would induce cell apoptosis effectively than low-LET X-ray, and the apoptosis rate is correlated with the transcription of Bcl-2/Bax and the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax in human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells after irradiation to heavy ion beam.

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Abstract  

The far infrared absorption spectrum of the lithium perchlorate/benzo-15-crown-5 complex separated from various solvents has been investigated in the 250~590 cm-1 region. It has been found that the change in the medium used for the preparation of the complex probably leads to the change in the far infrared shift. A linear function of far infrared absorption band versus lithium isotope abundance in the complex was discovered. The far infrared absorption band of the complex containing 100% 6Li could be determined by extrapolation. A concept of relative reduced partition function ratio was proposed for the first time in order to calculate approximately the isotope effect of lithium by use of the data of the far infrared spectra.

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Abstract  

Effects of pH, Eu(III) concentration, ionic strength, temperature and humic acid (HA) on Eu(III) sorption to iron oxides were investigated in detail. The sorption of Eu(III) to iron oxides was significantly dependent on pH and weakly dependent on ionic strength, and higher temperature was gainful to Eu(III) sorption. In the presence of HA, Eu(III) sorption was enhanced significantly at low pH; whilst obvious negative effect was observed in higher pH range. Below 12 mg/L HA, HA could obviously enhanced Eu(III) sorption to iron oxides, nevertheless Eu(III) sorption decreased steeply with increasing HA while HA exceeded 12 mg/L. The results were helpful for understanding radionuclides behaviors in natural environment.

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Late embryonic proteins (LEA) gene family was abundant mainly in higher plant embryos, which could protect the embryos from the damage caused by abiotic stress, especially drought and salt stresses. In the present study, GmLEA2-1 was cloned from soybean leaf tissue treated by 10% polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG6000). The results of quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) revealed a variety of expression patterns of GmLEA2-1 in various tissues of soybean (root, stem, leaf, flower, pod, early embryo and late embryo). GmLEA2-1 gene shared a lower sequence similarity with other typical LEA genes of same group from different species, but similar functions. Overexpression of GmLEA2-1 in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana conferred tolerance to drought and salt stresses. The fresh weight and dry weight of seedling, the primary root length and the lateral root density of transgenic Arabidopsis plants were higher than those of wild type Arabidopsis (WT) under drought and salt stresses. Cis-acting regulatory elements in the GmLEA2-1 promoter were also predicted. These data demonstrate that GmLEA2-1 protein play an important role in improving drought and salt tolerance in plants.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Wang Tieshan
,
Li Qiang
,
Zhang Baoguo
,
Wang Zhusheng
,
Cao Zhiyuan
, and
Zhang Peixin

Abstract  

The radio-voltaic effect is investigated to be applied radioisotopic batteries in this work. The collection rates of the electron-hole pairs are 94 percent for the alpha particles emitted by239Pu source and 65 percent for the beta particles emitted by90Sr-90Y source. The maximum energy conversion efficiency got by the silicon element is about 16%. A prototype radioisotopic battery with147Pm beta sources is constructed. Its maximum short-circuit current and off voltage are about 2 A and 190 mV respectively. The experimental data suggest that the life of the prototype battery may be more than three years.

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Abstract  

An on-line solid phase micro-column extraction and determination system for trace Cd and Pb in nuclear fuel grade uranium compounds was established. The preconcentration of trace elements Cd and Pb from uranium compounds was achieved by adsorbing Cd and Pb on CL-7301 resin in hydroiodic acid media, while the uranyl ion passed through. The method coupled with flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) was applied to analysis trace Cd and Pb in real samples. The preconcentration factors obtained by this method were 320 and 180 each for Cd and Pb, respectively. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits corresponding to three times the standard deviation of the blank were found to be 0.13 ng·mL−1 and 0.37 ng·mL−1 for Cd and Pb, respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) and the recoveries of standard addition (spiked with 1–5 ng of Cd and Pb) were of <5% (n = 10) and 96.2%–102.3%, respectively. Precision was also evaluated and found to be ≤4.3% (N = 11). The proposed method was successfully used for the determination of trace Cd and Pb in commercially available uranium compounds (e.g., uranyl acetate and triuranium octoxide).

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A double-development TLC method has been developed for simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of hydrophilic and lipophilic constituents of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen). The optimized mobile phases dichloromethane-ethyl acetate-formic acid 22:24:10 (ν/ν) and petroleum ether-ethyl acetate-cyclohexane 25:11:14 (ν/ν) were used for the double development on nano-silica gel 60F254 plates. Their characteristic TLC profiles were observed under UV light at 254 and 365 nm and the bands were then revealed by reaction with 5% H2SO4 in EtOH. Quantification of twelve compounds was achieved by densitometry at 260 or 290 nm, with reference at 400 nm. Linearity was quite good (R 2 > 0.99) within the ranges tested. This method could be used for quality control of Danshen.

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Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
Authors:
Min Chen
,
Yin-Yin Wu
,
Ying Luo
,
Min-Qiang He
,
Ji-Min Xie
,
Hua-Ming Li
, and
Xin-Hua Yuan

Abstract

A novel one-pot catalytic synthesis of 5-acetylacenaphthene through the acylation of acenaphthene with acetyl chloride catalyzed by various Keggin type heteropoly acids (salts) was investigated. Pure 5-acetylacenaphthene was obtained and the structure of 5-acetylacenaphthene was identified by GC/MS, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectra. H3PW12O40 (PW) was found to be the most active catalyst in the acylation. The yield and the selectivity of 5-acetylacenaphthene were 51.2 and 83.4%, respectively. The effects of experimental parameters on the catalytic acylation reaction and the recycling performance of PW catalyst were studied. The PW catalyst shows good catalytic activity after running for five times. The facile product separation and the recycling performance of the PW catalyst is expected to contribute to the development of a clean and environmentally friendly strategy for the synthesis of 5-acetylacenaphthene.

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Abstract

Described in this paper are the synthesis, characterization and catalytic application of H-ZSM-5 zeolites for the conversion of CH3Br into aromatics. The H-ZSM-5 zeolites were fabricated by hydrothermal crystallization using n-butylamine (BTA) as a template and characterized by XRD, SEM and NH3-TPD techniques. The effects of batch SiO2/Al2O3 ratio, alkalinity, NaCl/Al2O3 ratio, seed crystals, and crystallization time on the yield, structure/texture and catalytic performance were systematically studied. Adopting the optimum sol (SiO2/Al2O3 = 70, BTA/SiO2 = 0.2847, Na2O/SiO2 = 0.1237, H2O/SiO2 = 37.4, NaCl/Al2O3 = 60, and seed/SiO2 = 5 wt%) and under the most preferable crystallization conditions of 100 °C/24 h–170 °C/24 h, H-ZSM-5 zeolites of high crystallinity and small size (300–700 nm) were obtained. Good catalytic performance was observed over the H-ZSM-5 zeolites (aromatic yield up to 44.2%). However, unlike the modification of large commercial HZSM-5, the use of MoO3 or PbO as modifying agents for the small-size H-ZSM-5 zeolites results in a decline of catalytic performance. The relationship between the structure and the catalytic efficiency of as-synthesized H-ZSM-5 samples were investigated. It was found that with crystallinity enhancement and/or decline in crystal size, there is improvement of catalytic performance.

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