Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 59 items for

  • Author or Editor: Li Xiao x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

This paper presents results of a primary investigation of an Old Uyghur text written on a wooden plate discovered in the fourth layer of the cave NK 9 in the Tuyoq Grottoes in Turfan during the excavations carried out by a joint team of Chinese archaeologists between the autumn of 2010 and early summer of 2011. The text on Side A of the wooden plate is from the Old Uyghur translation of the Viśeṣa-cinti-brahma-paripṛcchā ‘Scripture of the inquiry of the Deity of Thinking’ and closely matches the Siyi fantian suowen jing 思益梵天所問經, translated into Chinese by Kumārajīva. The text on Side B of the wooden plate is also of Buddhist content and seems to be by the same scribe. Presumably, it is also from the Old Uyghur translation of the Viśeṣa-cinti-brahma-paripṛcchā, but it still needs a definite identification.

Restricted access

Among the discoveries of excavations carried out by a joint team of Chinese archaeologists between the autumn of 2010 and the early summer of 2011 in the Tuyoq Grottoes in Turfan, 22 pilgrim inscriptions in Old Uyghur script were found in the Northern Cave 10 (NK 10). All of them are notes made by Buddhists who made a pilgrimage to the cave. Although the photo of these inscriptions has been published twice in recent years, an edition of them is still missing. This paper presents results of philological investigation on 20 of these pilgrim inscriptions. One inscription is briefly discussed in the general description as its structure is difficult to recognise, whereas an edition of another inscription, the one on the upper side of the left wall, is reserved for further research, as the inscription is not clearly visible in the available photo.

Restricted access

C-reactive protein (CRP) is an established marker of inflammation and has been proposed to play a proinflammatory role in pathologies of several diseases. CRP is primarily produced by the liver and released into circulation as a pentameric molecule composed of five identical subunits. It has been suggested that the activation of the proinflammatory actions of CRP requires sequential conformational changes triggered by local inflammatory conditions. These include the dissociation into the subunit form (monomeric CRP, mCRP) and further reduction of the intra-subunit disulfide bond of mCRP. This model predicts that mCRP is the primary isoform present in inflamed but not healthy tissues, however the supporting evidence is lacking. Herein, we stained tissue samples across multiple anatomical locations from several types of human diseases with highly selective monoclonal antibodies that can differentiate CRP and mCRP. The results indicated that mCRP is the predominant form existing in the lesions. Further immunoblotting of the patient tissue samples revealed the potential presence of reduced mCRP. Together, we conclude that mCRP but not CRP is the major isoform present in local inflammatory lesions, supporting the so-called cascading model of CRP function and regulation.

Restricted access
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Li Yu-guo
,
Huang Xuan
,
Liu Riu-li
,
Li Qing-nuan
,
Zhang Xiao-dong
, and
Li Wen-xin

Summary  

The water-soluble fullerene derivative C60(OH)x was radiolabeled with 67GaCl3. The labeling yields were determined by radio-PLC. The effects of pH, reaction time, temperature and the amount of C60(OH)x on the labeling yields were studied. The stability of 67Ga-C60(OH)x was also examined. The results showed that the labeling yields could reach 97% under the best labeling conditions and the radiochemical purity of 67Ga-C60(OH)x solution kept at 37 °C remained at 88% after 212 hours. The biodistribution studies of 67Ga-C60(OH)x in mice showed a high localization of 67Ga-C60(OH)x in the bone marrow, bone, liver and spleen with slow clearance and a negligible accumulation in the blood. These data suggest that the water-soluble C60(OH)x, having the same properties as microcolloids, may be used as a carrier of drug system for lymphatic targeting.

Restricted access

The thermal decomposition process of the complex [Cu(NBOCTB)][Cu(NO3)4] H2O has been studied by TG and DTG technique, and possible intermediates of the thermal decomposition have also been conjectured from the TG and DTG curves. The results suggest that the decomposition of the complex involves five steps:

Restricted access

Abstract  

Differential elastic scattering cross sections for backscattering of 0.96–2.74 MeV protons incident on an aluminum layer covered by a gold layer deposited on a graphite crystal have been measured. The lowest proton energy in the experiment is in the Rutherford backscattering energy region. The measured cross sections are compared with the previous data and presented in graphical and tabular forms.

Restricted access

Abstract

The stability of β-cyclodextrin-cinnamyl alcohol inclusion complex (β-CD·C9H10·8H2O) was investigated using TG and DSC. The mass loss took place in three stages: the dehydration occurred between 50–120°C; the dissociation of β-CD·C9H10O occurred in the range of 210–260°C; and the decomposition of β-CD began at 280°C. The dissociation of β-CD·C9H10O was studied by means of thermogravimetry, and the results showed: the dissociation of β-CD·C9H10O was dominated by a two-dimensional diffusion process (D2). The activation energyE was 161.2 kJ mol−1, the pre-exponential factorA was 4.5×1013 min−1.

Cyclodextrin is able to form inclusion complexes with a great variety of guest molecules, and the interesting of studies focussed on the energy binding cyclodextrin and the guest molecule.

In this paper, β-cyclodextrin-cinnamyl alcohol inclusion complex was studied by fluorescence spectrophotometry and infrared absorption spectroscopy, and the results show: the stable energy of inclusion complexes of β-CD with weakly polar guest molecules consists mainly of Van der Waals interaction.

Restricted access

Abstract

The stability of the inclusion complex of β-CD with cinnamic aldehyde was investigated by means of TG and DSC. The mass loss takes place in three stages: dehydration occurs at 50–120°C; dissociation of β-CD·C9H8O proceeds in the range 200–260°C; and decomposition of β-CD begins at 280°C. The kinetics of the dissociation of β-CD·C9H8O was studied by means of thermogravimetry both at constant temperature and with linearly increasing temperature. The results demonstrate that the dissociation of β-CD·C9H8O is dominated by a one-dimensional diffusion process. The activation energyE is 160 kJ mol−1, and the pre-exponential factorA is 5.8×1014 min−1. Scanning electron microscope observations and the results of crystal structure analysis are in good agreement with those of thermogravimetry.

Restricted access

Abstract

Splenic lymphocytes play an important role in host acute or chronic diseases. The abnormality of these cells in the spleens of humans might lead to some riskful diseases for human. Hence, in this study, the effects of two ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1 on splenic lymphocytes growth were studied by microcalorimetry. Some qualitative and quantitative information, such as the metabolic power-time curves, growth rate constant k, maximum heat-output power of the exponential phase P max, total heat output Q t of splenic lymphocytes were obtained to present the effects of Rg1 and Rb1 on these cells. The values of k, P max, and Q t from the thermogenic growth curves of splenic lymphocytes were found to increase in the presence of Rg1, while the change was adverse for Rb1, illustrating that Rg1 had promotion effect and Rb1 had inhibitory effect on splenic lymphocytes growth and these promotion or inhibitory effects were enhanced with increasing the concentration of the two compounds, respectively. The microcalorimetric results were confirmed by MTT assay for determining the MTT optical density (OD) value and [3H] Thymidine incorporation assay ([3H]-TdR) for determining the count per minute (cpm) value: Rg1 could increase the MTT OD value and the cpm value of [3H]-TdR incorporation into splenic lymphocytes, and these values were increased with increasing the concentration of this compound, while Rb1 had the adverse results. The structure–activity relationships showed that the glucopyranoside and hydroxyl groups at the dammarane-type mother nucleus skeleton might play a crucial role for the opposing effects of the two ginsenosides on splenic lymphocytes. Compared with the other two assay methods, the microcalorimetric method provided more useful and reliable information for quickly and objectively evaluating the effects of drugs or compounds on the living cells, which would be a highly promising analytical tool for the characterization of the biological process and the estimation of the drugs’ efficiency.

Restricted access