Authors:Lijun Chen, Ying Yang, Wenliang Su, Lijun Zheng, Cody Ding and Marc N. Potenza
Background and aims
Internet pornography consumption is prevalent among college students and problematic for some, yet little is known regarding the psychological constructs underlying problematic Internet pornography use (PIPU). Drawing on the Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution model, this study tested a model that sexual sensation seeking (SSS) would impact PIPU through online sexual activities (OSAs) and that this relationship would be influenced by the third-person effect (TPE; a social cognitive bias relating to perceived impacts on others as compared to oneself) in a gender-sensitive manner.
A total of 808 Chinese college students (age range: 17–22 years, 57.7% male) were recruited and surveyed.
Men scored higher than women on OSAs and PIPU and on each scale’s component factors. The relationship between SSS and PIPU was mediated by OSAs, and the TPE moderated this relationship: the predictive path (SSS to PIPU) was significant only in participants with high TPE. The moderated mediation model was not invariant across gender groups, with data suggesting that it accounted for a greater proportion of the variance in men as compared with women.
Discussion and conclusions
The findings suggest that SSS may operate through participation in OSAs to lead to PIPU, and this relationship is particularly relevant for college-aged males scoring high on the TPE. These findings have implications for individuals who might be particularly vulnerable to developing PIPU and for guiding educational efforts and targeting interventions in college-aged students. The extent to which these findings extend to other age groups and cultures warrants further examination.
Authors:Li-jun Xu, Hong-sheng Ye, Ke-sheng Chen, Min Lin and Yun-dong Chen
A rapid separation system based on SISAK technique was established to isolate 142La successfully from fission products. SISAK technique is often applied in the separation of nuclides with the half-life of
seconds or minutes. Here it was used to separate the parent nuclide of 142La, which the half-life is in the magnitude of several seconds. According to the separation procedure designed in the paper,
the activity of 142La acquired is more than 104 Bq and the decontamination factors for most γ-emitters are higher than 103.
Authors:Shaoshi Wen, Zixin Zhang, Xiaopeng Chen, Jinchang Liu, Haiyang Yu, Lifeng Han, Lijun Jin, Yi Zhang and Tao Wang
Uric acid (UA) is the final product of purine metabolism in humans. Elevated serum UA levels lead to the development of hyperuricemia, gout, kidney diseases, and metabolic syndrome. Accurate determination of UA plays a critical role in clinical diagnosis and laboratory investigation. An ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) with ultraviolet detection method has been developed and validated for UA analysis. Separation was achieved by a Waters ethylene bridged hybrid (BEH) Amide column (50 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile and 0.1% acetic acid in deionized water in the proportion of 90 to 10 (v/v) as the mobile phase. The limit of detection and limit of quantification were 0.09 and 0.18 μmol/L, respectively. The method was validated by evaluating recovery (98.37–104.20%), accuracy (0.47–0.90%), and precision (1.24–1.81% for intra-batch and 1.76–3.98% for inter-batch). This method was then applied to UA determination in rat serum of hyperuricemia model. The results from UPLC, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and uric acid kits (phosphor-tungstic acid-based kit and uricase-based kit) were compared. The UPLC results were in very good agreement with HPLC. The developed method could be employed as a useful tool for the determination of UA in biofluids.