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  • Author or Editor: Mária Bondár x
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A tanulmányban a szerző áttekinti a Kárpát-medencéből ismert kocsimodelleket a rézkortól a középső bronzkorig. Az elmúlt évtizedek kutatási eredményei (edényekre rajzolt kocsiábrázolás, igavonó állatok torzói, keréklenyomatok ismertté válása, radiocarbon-adatok) jelentősen módosították a kocsi európai megjelenésének időpontját: egyre több bizonyíték szól amellett, hogy a kerekes jármű már a badeni kultúra előtt is létezett. A szerző ezeket a bizonyítékokat veszi sorra egy új kocsimodell közlésének apropóján.

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Two of the most significant innovations of the fourth millennium BC were the invention of the wheel and of wheeled vehicles, which led to other major innovations during the Late Copper Age. Discussed here are the major milestones and advances in research on wheeled vehicles, problems of dating, and the issues relating to the actual place of the invention of wheeled vehicles as well as the fruitful collaboration between various analytical disciplines and archaeology concerned with the study of wheels and early wheeled vehicles.

I have collected the finds relating to wheels and wheeled vehicles. It would appear that the invention of the wheel and of wheeled conveyances occurred in different centres. Even though we are unable to date the creation of the very first vehicle to the year, it seems quite certain that wheeled vehicles appeared more or less simultaneously in several regions in the fourth millennium BC.

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This study investigates the relative chronology of the Late Copper Age Baden culture by analysing the pottery of the largest known cemeteries (Alsónémedi, Budakalász, Fonyód-Bézsenypuszta, Balatonlelle-Felső Gamász, Pilismarót-Basaharc and Mezőcsát-Hörcsögös). Altogether 611 ceramic finds from 253 graves were involved in the research. The results presented here are preliminary; all the known Baden cemeteries will be processed in the future.

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