This article presents
the findings of a qualitative research project which aimed to map out the
political evaluations and the social effects of the changing concept of family
and the changing forms of family life. By interviewing political and economic
decision-makers we intended to highlight the goals and the motives of the
differenct family policy approaches, the characteristic features of the family
concepts reflected by the policy-makers' decisions, as well as the relationship
between state family policies and labor market policies on the one hand, and
equal treatment expectations concerning both genders, on the other. On the
basis of interviews conducted with ordinary people we examined how much
people's lives are practically infuenced by the family policy measures
introduced by the political and the economic decision makers. According to our
findings the two different categories of respondents saw specific family policy
issues in different ways - however, their interpretations of family policy as a
whole were rather convergent. The importance of providing equality of
opportunity for men and women, increasing the female employment rate,
acknowledging the plurality of family lifestyles, reconciling work and family
life - being European expectations as well as conditions of a worthy life -
seemed to be overshadowed by the demographic issues of fertility and
Authors:Andrea Hettmann, Borbála Gerle, Erzsébet Barcsay, Csenge Csiszár and Mária Takács
Herpes simplex virus type 2 infection is a quite common but frequently asymptomatic, therefore undiagnosed condition. Genital HSV-2 infection may cause neonatal herpes, enhances HIV transmission and may play a role in infertility. To evaluate the prevalence of HSV-2 in Hungary we tested 2500 serum samples for the presence of anti-HSV-2 IgG by ELISA method. According to our results Hungary belongs to the low-infected countries, the HSV-2 seroprevalence grows with age and is significantly higher among women than in men. We also examined the serostatus of 512 pregnant women and 539 women attending infertility clinics. Results show that the HSV-2 prevalence is significantly higher among women attending infertility clinics and the seropositivity of pregnant women is similar to that of the general Hungarian women population with the same age.
Authors:George Kara, Réka Takács, Gergely Salát, Edit Bányász and Mária Ivanics
Tibetische Handschriften und Blockdrucke, Teil 17 (Die mTshur-phu-Ausgabe der Sammlung Rin-chen gter-mdzod chen-mo, nach dem Exemplar der Orientabteilung, Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin-Preussischer Kulturbesitz, Hs or 778, Bände 34 bis 40), beschrieben von Peter Schwieger; Long Dong (ed.): Ling ting Xizang, Yi xiaoshuo de fangsi [Listening to Tibet. Short stories]; Catalogue of the Collections of Sir Aurel Stein in the Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Compiled by John Falconer-Ágnes Kárteszi-Ágnes Kelecsényi-Lilla Russel-Smith, edited by Éva Apor-Helen Wang; Robert Hymes: Way and Byway; V. V. Trepavlov: Istorija Nogajskoj Ordy; Benderli Gün-Gülen Yılmaz-Kakuk Zsuzsa-Tasnádi Edit: Magyar-török szótár.
Authors:Ágnes Farkas, Nóra Magyar, Katalin Szomor and Mária Takács
During clinical trials, samples from Hungarian patients of different age groups were tested for antibodies against all 3 serotypes of poliovirus, a member of Picornaviridae family. During the virus neutralization serological test, blood samples were titrated using permanent virus concentration. Based on the cythopathic effect observed under a light microscope, the antibody level of the patient was assessed. The 100 people examined were classified into 5 groups based on age and type of original vaccine: I. Newborns, no vaccination given; II. Immunosuppressed patients; III. Born before 1986, received only OPV vaccine; IV. Born between 1992–2005, received a combination of OPV and IPV vaccines; V. Born after 2006, received only IPV vaccine. Results show that vaccination coverage meets all the criteria. None of the immunized persons was seronegative to all three polioviruses. Both IPV and OPV vaccines are effective against poliovirus. Blood samples from newborn babies with no immunization were also examined. Results show that most newborns have maternal antibodies in their blood. Results of group II show that immunosuppression does not have a negative influence on blood antibody levels against polioviruses. In spite of the low number of samples, our results show that seroconversion after immunization in the Hungarian population is adequate. For more accurate results about vaccination coverage in the population, further trials would be necessary.
Authors:Zita Rigó, Katalin Szomor, Orsolya Nagy and Mária Takács
In accordance with the 2015 regional goal for measles and rubella elimination of the WHO European Region, only a few imported cases have been documented of both diseases in Hungary for years.This paper presents a case of a Hungarian woman, born in 1975, who received measles vaccination at age of 12 months and later at age of 11 years, according to her certificate of vaccination. In 2009, after arriving home from a vacation in Ireland, she developed acute measles infection with clinical symptoms. It was confirmed by the detection of measles specific IgM, IgA and IgG antibodies, and by detection of viral nucleic acid from throat swab in virus transport medium.Additionally, an outbreak occurred in December of 2011 among a family emigrated from Romania to Hungary. No new measles cases were diagnosed among the contact persons of neither the young Hungarian woman returning from Ireland, nor the family emigrated from Romania. This observation refers to the effectiveness of the Hungarian vaccination program.