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  • Author or Editor: Márton Palotai x
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Several main tectonic lineaments originating in the Alps and Dinarides merge in Central Hungary to form the Mid-Hungarian Shear Zone. As these structures are hidden beneath sub-basins of the Neogene Pannonian Basin, it has long been debated whether the tectonic style of the shear zone is mainly contractional or strike-slip. New 3D seismic data allowed a detailed analysis of one of these sub-basins, the Adony Basin, located south of Budapest. Its evolution is linked to the tectonics between the southern Tisza unit of European passive margin affinity, the northern ALCAPA block with Alpine affinity, and sheared remnants of Dinaric units in between. During the Oligocene and Early to Middle Miocene, a flexural basin related to the convergent thrusting of Dinaric- and ALCAPA-derived units was developed. On the southern side, N-NW verging thrust sheets were observed. On the opposite front, Triassic carbonates of ALCAPA were thrust several kilometres above Palaeogene formations to the SW. Dextral transpression is assumed for the Middle Miocene. Local deposition of Middle Miocene salt in the basin formed a detachment surface. Late Miocene sinistral strike-slip faulting resulted in a pull-apart basin above that part of the earlier flexural basin that has not been overthrust. The margins of the basin coincided with the fronts of earlier thrusts. Faults on the basin margins partly detached on the salt, decoupling the supra-salt basin fill from the underlying formations. Within the pull-apart basin, gravity sliding on the steep margins resulted in salt welds, detachment and roll-over folds.

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