Pantoea species are pigmented, Gram-negative rods belonging to the Enterobacterales order. They are considered rare, opportunistic pathogens and are mostly implicated in nosocomial outbreaks affecting neonates and immunocompromised patients. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Pantoea species during a 12-year period.
Materials and methods
This retrospective study was carried out using microbiological data collected between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2017. Patients’ data such as age, sex, inpatient/outpatient status, and empiric antibiotic therapy were also collected. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using E-tests; the interpretation was based on European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing breakpoints for Enterobacterales.
Seventy individual Pantoea spp. isolates were identified; the most frequently isolated species was Pantoea agglomerans. Most isolates were susceptible to relevant antibiotics. In 61 out of 68 patients, ampicillin was the empirically administered antibiotic. The highest levels of resistance were to amoxicillin–clavulanic acid and ampicillin. No extended spectrum beta-lactamase-positive isolate was detected.
There is a scarcity of data available on the susceptibility patterns of Pantoea species, but our results correspond to what we could find in the literature. The development of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative bacteria is a grave concern, and the development of MDR Pantoea spp. may be expected in the future.
Suprapubic bladder aspiration is an invasive procedure in which a needle is used to obtain a urine sample directly from the bladder. Its advantages are sensitivity (detection of significant bacteriuria is close to 100%), suitability for cultivation of anaerobic bacteria, and low risk of contamination. Our purpose was to characterize the microbiology and epidemiology of urine samples obtained through this procedure in the Clinical Center of the University of Szeged’s Institute of Clinical Microbiology between 2008 and 2017.
Materials and methods
Over the 10-year period, patient data were collected and suprapubic bladder aspirations were performed, and the samples are processed in accordance with routine laboratory procedures in clinical bacteriology.
Of 187 urine samples obtained from 148 patients, 32.6% (n = 61) were culture-positive (defined as 102 colony forming units/ml or more).
This method should be considered an important sampling procedure in the differential diagnostics of upper urinary tract infections, particularly in children <2 years of age, and in older people, hospitalized patients.