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  • Author or Editor: M. Afzal x
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Abstract  

The influence of active carbon as support on the reducibility of supported metals (Ni, Cu, Cd, Zn) has been studied by means of a temperature programmed reduction (TPR) technique. The TPR profiles indicate that active carbon behaves as a dispersion agent and the supported metal is dispersed in a disordered phase rather than as a stoichiometric compound. The hydrogen consumed in the reduction indicates that the metal residues are present in monovalent and divalent forms. High-temperature reduction peaks were also observed and are explained on the basis of metal-surface interactions and the porosity of the active carbon. Nitrogen adsorption reveals that the active carbon porosity decreases due to progressive closure of the pores when metals are supported on the surface of active carbon.

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Abstract  

The effects of different concentrations of metals (Ni, Cu, Cd, Zn) on the reactivity of carbon towards air were studied by means of TG and DTA. It was observed that these metals are capable of decreasing the ignition temperature and increasing the mass loss. Activation energies calculated by Horowitz's method revealed that these metals promote the combustion of active carbon.

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Abstract  

Adsorption of cerium on lead dioxide from aqueous solutions has been studied as a function of shaking time, amount of adsorbent, pH, concentration of the adsorbate and temperature. The adsorption process is endothermic and the distribution coefficient (KD) increases with increasing temperature. The data fit very well the Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Raduskevich Isotherms and their corresponding constants were calculated. Ho and So were calculated from the slope and intercept of plots of lnKD vs. 1/T. Go values decreases with increasing temperature, showing that the adsorption of Ce(III) is more favorable at high temperature. The endothermacity of the adsorption process is discussed.

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Abstract  

Adsorption of cobalt on lead dioxide from aqueous solutions has been studied in relation to shaking time, amount of adsorbent, pH, and concentration of the adsorbate. The data fitted very well Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherms and their corresponding constants were calculated. In another set of experiments the influence of different anions and cations on the adsorption of cobalt under the optimum experimental conditions have been determined. EDTA, tartrate, citrate, thiocyanate, oxalate, U(VI), Al(III), Fe(III), Cr(III), and Th(IV), drastically reduced adsorption of cobalt. Therefore these anions and cations should be removed before adsorption of cobalt on lead dioxide. Adsorption of other metal ions on the oxide were measured under identical conditions. TheK D values indicate that cobalt can be separated successfully from Hg(II), Ag(I), Ta(V), In(III) and Tc(VII).

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Abstract  

The adsorption of cerium on activated charcoal has been studied as a function of shaking time, pH, concentration of adsorbate and temperature. The adsorption of cerium obeys Freyndlich and Langmuir isotherms. The influence of different cations and anions on cerium adsorption has been exmined. The adsorption of other metal ions on activated charcoal has been studied under specified conditions to check its selectivity for cerium adsorption. Consequently, cerium was removed from a mixture containing Ce, Ba, Sr, Ru, Cs, Cr, Nd, Pr and In. About 99% of the adsorbed cerium on activated charcoal can be recovered with 3M HNO3 solution. A wavelelngth dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer was used for measuring the cerium concentration.

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Abstract  

The adsorption of metal ions such as Ce3+, Sm3+, Eu3+ and Gd3+ ions on activated charcoal has been studied as a function of pH. The adsorption mechanism of these ions is discussed in terms of hydrolyzed species formed in aqueous solution at different pH.

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Abstract  

Effects of alkali metals, alkaline earth metals and some lanthanides on the adsorption of uranium on activated charcoal from aqueous solutions have been studied. These effects are correlated with the ionic radii of metal ions present in the solutions. Adsorption capacity, Xm and binding energy contant, K for uranium adsorption were calculated from the Langmuir equätion. The mean energy of adsorption, Es was calculated from adsorption energy constant, K, values determined from the Dubinin-Radushkevich isotherm equation. Wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry was used for measuring the uranium concentration.

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