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  • Author or Editor: M. Aher x
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Abstract  

Gamma-radiolysis of alkaline binary mixtures of nitrate-alcohol (1-propanol and 1-butanol) has been investigated at a fixed pH of 12. The products of radiolysis, mainly nitrite, aldehyde and hydrogen peroxide were estimated. Also the effect of concentration of each species present in the mixture on the G-values of the products formed has been examined. The G-values of each of the products are found to be lower in basic medium in binary mixtures as compared to those obtained at neutral pH; other conditions being kept constant. However, the yields of products in nitrate solutions show higher values at basic pH in comparison with their counterparts at neutral pH. Results are explained on the basis of reaction mechanism that operates during the process of radiolysis, leading to the formation of the different products.

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Abstract  

A novel method for the determination of palladium in synthetic nuclear waste samples has been developed using a computerized voltammetric analyzer. The electrode system consists of hanging mercury drop electrode (HMDE)/glassy carbon/Ag-AgCl electrode. Various experimental conditions including electrolyte type, pH and concentration have been optimized, leading to a detection limit of 40 ng/ml. The mixture of 4.10-3M citric acid + 2.10-2M ammonia-ammonium chloride buffer + 4.10-3M EDTA was used as a supporting electrolyte at pH 9.0. Standard addition method was employed to determine the concentration of palladium present in the nuclear waste sample. The relative standard deviation of the proposed method was found to be 8% at 40 ng/ml of palladium content. The method is direct, simple, rapid and free from any possible interference.

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