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  • Author or Editor: M. Araújo x
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Abstract  

Asymmetry of the relative line intensities in the57Fe. Mössbauer spectra of powdered samples of Na3[Fe/CN/5NH3]3H2O is reported. It is shown that the effect is due to a prefered orientation of the electric field gradient /EFG/, which is assumed to have a conical distribution around the normal of the absorber plane. Using this model for the EFG distribution the angle between the EFG and the normal of the absorber plane is determined.

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Abstract  

The57Fe Mössbauer spectra of substituted pentacyanoferrate /II/ complexes [/CN/5 FeII L]3– have been obtained for L=adenine, guanine, purine, caffeine, ethylene sulphide, dimethyl sulphoxide, and ammonia. The Mössbauer parameters are utilized to classify the various ligands according to their and bonding abilities. A linear correlation between the Mössbauer isomer shift and the tetragonal distortion caused by the ligand L is proposed. Comparison between this linear correlation and the approximative method of Wentworth and Piper1 is made.

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Abstract

The synthesis of pigments from the system Ce1−xO2–MxO (M = Cu, Co) was achieved via a polymeric precursors method, Pechini method. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG) techniques were used to accurately characterize the distinct thermal events occurring during synthesis. The TG and DSC results revealed a series of decomposition temperatures due to different exothermal events, which were identified as H2O elimination, organic compounds degradation, and phase formation. X-Ray diffraction patterns show the presence of pure cubic CeO2 phase for the samples with low Cu and Co loading. A decrease of the specific surface area with increasing copper and cobalt content was observed. The UV–visible diffuse reflectance technique was employed to study the optical properties in the 200–800 nm range. Colorimetric coordinates L*, a*, b* were calculated for the pigment powders. The powders presented a variety of colors from yellow for pure CeO2, to brown for the ones loaded with copper and gray for the ones with cobalt.

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Abstract  

The temporal and spatial distribution of the REEs was determined, by INAA, in sediment cores collected at Northern Iberian shelf along the area between the Finisterra Cape and the mouth of Minho river, to contribute to the understanding of the origin and sedimentation processes of sediments deposited at the Continental Shelf. The distribution pattern of the REEs were flat and similar to the shales. A negative Eu anomaly was found for all the sections of the analyzed cores. Significant positive correlations between the REE and Zr and Hf contents suggest that zircon is responsible for hosting both light and heavy REEs.

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Abstract  

A geochemical study was carried out in sediment cores along the Galician Continental Shelf and at the mouth of the Vigo and Pontevedra Rias. Multielemental analysis was performed by Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis and Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry. Sedimentological and geochemical characterisation (lithogenic, biogenic and anthropogenic elements) indicates different supplies for the fine-grained, deposited sediments. No significant heavy metal enrichment could be detected in coastal sediments despite the current sediment contamination in adjacent Rias. Variations in the accumulation rates suggest different factors controlling the sedimentation processes including sediment sources and geomorphology.

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Abstract  

Polyurethane composites with bagasse of sugar cane (BSC) at different proportions: 5, 10 and 20 mass/mass% were prepared by melt mixing method. The thermal behavior of these composites were studied by thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). The influence of fiber concentration on the kinetic parameters of the composites was studied and a better interaction was suggested between PU/BSC with 5mass/mass% of fiber. Scanning electron microscopy was carried out to investigate surface morphology.

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Abstract  

Environmental quality assessment studies have been conducted with tree species largely distributed in the Atlantic Forest. Leaf and soil samples were collected in the conservation unit Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar (PESM) nearby the industrial complex of Cubatão, São Paulo State, Brazil, and analyzed for chemical elements by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Results were compared to background values obtained in the Parque Estadual Carlos Botelho (PECB). The higher As, Fe, Hg and Zn mass fractions in the tree leaves of PESM indicated anthropogenic influence on this conservation unit.

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Abstract  

The coke removal of HZSM-12 zeolite deactivated in the reaction of n-heptane cracking was studied by thermogravimetry using two multiple heating rate integral kinetics models proposed by Ozawa-Flynn-Wall and Vyazovkin to obtain the activation energy of process of thermoxidation of coke. The results obtained by both models presented excellent accordance with the related literature.

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