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  • Author or Editor: M. Ashraf Chaudry x
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Abstract  

The nuclear properties of99mTc radionuclide are ideal for organ imaging. Study of the technetium transport across supported liquid membranes has been performed to get data for its separation from other elements. Tri-n-octylamine diluted in xylene was used to constitute the liquid membranes, supported in polypropylene microporous films. Stripping on the product solution side was performed with dilute NaOH solutions. The effect of sulphuric acid, nitric acid and hydrochloric acid in the feed on transport of99mTc as TcO 4 ions has been studied. The permeability of the given ions determined from kinetic activity data has been found to be in the order of PH2SO4>PHCl>PHNO3. The flux values have been calculated based on this permeability data. The increase in carrier concentration has shown an increase in flux and permeability values to a given optimum concentration. The increase in temperature has been found to reduce the transport of Tc ions. The optimum conditions for transport of99mTc for the given acid concentration have been determined. Mechanism of Tc ion transport has also been provided based on chemical reactions involved at the membrane interfaces and uptake of Tc ions by the membrane. MoO 4 2– ions do not permeate through membrane under optimum conditions of transport for TcO 4 2– ions from H2SO4 solution.

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Abstract  

Study of the extraction of W(VI) ions using supported liquid membrane has been carried out. The carrier used for this metal ion transport, is tri-n-octylamine (TOA) dissolved in xylene. The liquid was supported in microporous polypropylene film. The parameters studied are effect of carrier concentration in the membrane, acid concentrations in the feed solution, concentration of stripping agent on transport of W(VI) ions and of temperature on the transport properties of these supported liquid membranes. The optimum conditions of transport for these metal ions determined are, TOA concentration, 0.66 mol·dm–3 (TOA); HF concentration in the feed solution, 0.01 mol·dm–3 and concentration of NaOH used as stripping agent 2.5 mol·dm–3. The maximum flux and permeability determined under optimum conditions are 3.06·10–5 mol·m–2·s–1 and 8.44·10–11 mol· ·m2·s–1 at 25±2°C and 4.21·10–5 mol·m–2·s–1 and 11.55·10–11 mol·m2·s–1 at 65°C, respectively. The diffusion coefficients for the metal ion carrier complex in the membrane have also been determined. Under the optimum conditions the value for the metal ion carrier complex is 0.14·10–11 mol·m2·s–1. Mechanism of transport and the complex formed in the presence of HF have also been discussed. The transport process involves two carrier amine molecules and two protons.

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Abstract  

Membranes, based on tri-n-octylamine (TOA) xylene liquid, supported in hydrophobic microporous films have been used to study the transport of Pd(II) ions, after extraction into the membrane. Various parameters, such as the effect of hydrochloric acid concentration in the feed solution, TOA concentration in the membrane phase, effect of stripping agent like nitric acid concentration, and temperature on the flux of Pd(II) ions across the liquid membranes have been investigated. The optimum conditions of transport for these metal ions determined are, TOA concentration, 1.25 mol·dm–3, HCl concentration in the feed solution, 5 mol·dm–3, and concentration of nitric acid used as a stripping, agent 5 mol·dm–3. The maximum values of the flux and permeability determined under the optimum condition are 23·10–6 mol·m–2·s–1 and 2.40·103 m2·s–1 at 25°C. The results obtained have been used to elucidate the mechanism of palladium transport.

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Abstract  

Transport of uranyl ions through liquid membranes consisting of tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP) in kerosene oil supported in Celgard 2400 polypropylene microporous film has been studied. Various parameters, such as the effect of nitric acid concentration in the feed solution, TBP concentration in the organic membrane phase, stripping agent concentration and temperature on the flux of uranium across the liquid membrane, have been investigated. The results obtained have been used to elucidate the mechanism of uranium transport and stoichiometry of the diffusing species.

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Abstract  

The role of nitrate ions in uranyl ions transport across TBP-kerosene oil supported liquid membranes (SLM) at varied concentrations of HNO3 and NaNO3 has been studied. It has been found that nitrate ions move faster compared to uranyl ions at the uranium feed solution concentrations studied. The nitrate to uranyl ions flux ratio vary from 355 to 2636 under different chemical conditions. At low uranium concentration the nitrate ions transport as HNO3 · TBP, in addition to as UO2(NO3)2 · 2TBP type complex species. The flux of nitrate ions is of the order of 12.10 · 10–3 mol · m–2 · s–1 compared to that of uranium ions (4.56 · 10–6 mol · m–2 · s–1). The permeability coefficient of the membrane for nitrate ions varies with chemical composition of the feed solution and is in the order of 2.5 · 10–10 m–2 · s–1. The data is useful to estimate the nitrate ions required to move a given amount of uranyl ions across such an SLM and in simple solvent extraction.

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Abstract  

Transport of99mTc across tri-n-butylphosphate (TBP) kerosene oil supported liquid membranes (SLM) has been studied under various conditions. Presence of dichromate ions helps avoid activity scavenging effects. Concentration increase of TBP, the complexing carrier used in the present study has a positive effect on flux (J) and permeability (P) of these ions, as up to 2.87M there is an increase in J and P values. HCl concentration in the feed solution increases J and P with their maximum values at 2.5–3.0M HCl in the feed. Above this concentration there is a decrease in flux and permeability of99mTc(VII) ions. The given ions are stripped with LiCl or NaCl solutions but more with NaOH. The optimum conditions of transport of the given ions are 2.5M HCl concentration in the feed, 2.87M TBP concentration in the membrane and 1M NaOH concentration in the strip solution. Equations have been developed to indicate the relation between flux, J, viscosity, of TBP in organic membrane phase, temperature, T, [H+], in the aqueous feed solutions and Tc ion concentration in the feed solution. Based on P, the values determined from liquid membrane experiments, the quantitative flux values of Tc(VII) ions were also determined as a function of TBP concentration in the membranes, and HCl and Tc concentration in the feed solution using the given equations. This experimental technique provides quantitative results from trace level activity transfer experiments.

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