The kinetics of the cure reaction of standard unsaturated polyester resin was investigated by utilizing the isothermal and dynamic techniques of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The kinetic parameters and heat of the copolymerization reaction were determined. A method is proposed for optimization of the curing and postcuring of a polyester resin composite.
Authors:M. Avella, E. Martuscelli, and M. Pracella
The crystallization and melting behaviour of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) samples synthetized with different catalyst systems (low and high-yield) have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry and optical microscopy. The isothermal crystallization rates from the melt have been found to depend on the catalyst system employed and on the isotacticity index of the sample. Moreover, for low-yield iPP, Avrami analysis of the overall kinetics has provided evidence of the presence of secondary crystallization phenomena. The values of the equilibrium melting point, energy of nucleation and surface energy of folding of iPP lamellar crystals have been calculated according to the ‘Kinetic theories’ of polymer crystallization. The observed variation of such thermodynamic parameters for the various iPP samples has been accounted for by the amount and type of configurational irregularities present along the chains and by the differences in the molecular weight distribution.
Authors:M. Avella, S. Cosco, M. L. Di Lorenzo, E. Di Pace, and M. E. Errico
Summary The influence of calcium carbonate nanoparticles with different shapes (spherical and elongated) on the thermal properties and crystallization behavior of isotactic polypropylene was investigated. CaCO3 nanoparticles were covered by an appropriate coating agent to improve the interfacial adhesion between the filler and the polyolefin matrix. The nanocomposites were prepared by melt mixing and subsequent compression molding. A remarkable effect of CaCO3 on the thermal properties of iPP was observed. Moreover, the analysis of crystallization kinetics showed that CaCO3 nanopowder coated with PP-MA are efficient nucleating agents for iPP, and the overall crystallization rate results higher than plain iPP.