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Abu-Dabbab area is characterized by high seismicity and complex tectonic setting, for these facts, a local geodetic network consisting of eleven geodetic benchmarks has been established. The crustal deformation data in this area are collected using the GPS techniques. Five campaigns of GPS measurements have been collected, processed and adjusted to get the more accurate positions of the GPS stations. The horizontal velocity vectors, the dilatational, the maximum shear strains and the principal strain rates were estimated. The magnitude of the movements is distributed inhomogeneous over the area and it varies in average between 3 and 6 mm/yr. The results of the deformation analyses indicate a significant contraction and extension across the southern central part of the study area which is characterized by high seismic activity represented by the clustering shape of the microearthquakes that trending NE-SW direction. The north and north-eastern parts are characterized by small strain rates. This study is an attempt to provide valuable information about the present state of the crustal deformation and its relationship to seismic activity and tectonic setting at Abu-Dabbab area.

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Abstract  

The Preparatory Commission of Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty Organization is setting up a global network capable to monitor treaty compliance. Specific monitoring systems and methodologies that match the needs of the International Monitoring System (IMS), namely to clarify the nuclear character of suspect explosions, had to be developed for monitoring purposes during the last decade. Four xenon isotopes, namely 133Xe, 135Xe, 133mXe and 131mXe play a key role here. A complex background from medical isotope production facilities and nuclear power plants, varying over four orders of magnitude, challenges the system’s capability to distinguish these from treaty-relevant events. Available measurement data are compared with model calculations. The importance of atmospheric transport modelling is demonstrated both for completely understanding the civilian background and for explaining peak concentrations and abnormal events. New methodologies for backtracking nuclide detections improved the capability to locate sources and corroborate the role of radioxenon monitoring.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Anna Kropidłowska, M. Strankowski, Maria Gazda, and Barbara Becker

Abstract  

The thermal behavior of Mn(II) silanethiolate series [Mn(SR)2L(MeOH)n], where R=SSi(OBut)3, L=heterocyclic nitrogen base and n=0, 1 or 2 has been comparatively investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry (TG) and TG-infrared spectoscopy (IR) techniques. The TG curves indicate the differences in the thermal decomposition due to presence of distinct N-donor ligands and labile MeOH molecules coordinated to the central atom. The first step on the TG curves (60–110C) corresponds to the elimination of alcohol from respective complexes. The main step (150–350C) can be assigned to the decomposition of the complexes yielding Mn3O4 and silica as the main final products, identified by X-ray diffraction patterns.

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Heteroleptic cadmium(II) complex, potential precursor for semiconducting CDS layers

Thermal stability and non-isothermal decomposition kinetics

Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Anna Kropidłowska, A. Rotaru, M. Strankowski, Barbara Becker, and E. Segal

Abstract  

Coordination compounds may be used as efficient precursors for fabrication of semiconducting layers. Thermal stability of such a potential precursor — [Cd{SSi(O-tBu)3}(S2CNEt2)]2 — was investigated (tBu means tert-butyl and Et means ethyl). The kinetic study was performed by means of different multi-heating rate methods: isoconversional (Flynn-Wall-Ozawa, Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose and Friedmann) methods associated with the criterion of the independence of the activation parameters on the heating rate. The kinetic triplet of the non-isothermal decomposition of this Cd(II) complex was established.

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Abstract  

Thermal properties of seed proteins, prolamines from rice, wheat and soybean were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetry (TG), thermal expansion, X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Prolamine films cast from aqueous ethanol are amorphous in the random-coil conformation. The glass transition of prolamine is observed at 160, 172 and 150C for rice, wheat and soybean, respectively. The amorphous prolamine films crystallize at 196, 205 and 199C for rice, wheat and soybean, respectively. The thermal degradation of prolamine films occurs from 228, 250 and 270C for rice, wheat and soybean, respectively.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: T. Tanaka, J. Magoshi, Y. Magoshi, S. ichi Inoue, M. Kobayashi, H. Tsuda, M. Becker, and Sh. Nakamura

Abstract  

The thermal properties of liquid silk from domestic and wild silkworms are investigated. Liquid silks obtained from the silk gland of the domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori and four wild silkworms, Samia cynthia ricini, Dictyoploca japonica, Antheraea pernyi and Antheraea yamamai were used. The DSC curves for the liquid silk from the domestic silkworm have weak endothermic peaks corresponding to the breaking of hydrogen bonds in the β-form or to the untangling of physical network. The DSC curves for the wild silkworm silks, however, show clear exothermic peaks corresponding to a phase transition from the α-helix conformation to the β-form. Liquid silk from all the different silkworms undergoes a characteristic irreversible phase transition.

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Abstract  

[18F]Florbetaben ([18F]BAY 94-9172) is a promising β-amyloid (Aβ) targeted PET-tracer currently in late stage clinical development. [18F]Florbetaben can assist in the more accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) by non-invasive, in vivo detection of Aβ in the brain. To determine the arterial input function of the PET tracer—as part of a proof of mechanism (PoM) study—arterial samples were drawn from all subjects at predefined time points post injection (p.i.), and the proportion of unchanged tracer [18F]Florbetaben was determined by HPLC analysis. Plasma metabolite profiles were investigated following intravenous administration of 300 MBq (±60 MBq) of [18F]Florbetaben to both, patients with AD and healthy controls (HCs), and various methods for processing the blood samples were evaluated. Addition of acetonitrile to plasma samples (obtained from whole blood by centrifugation) and precipitation of proteins resulted in a recovery of more than 90% of the initial radioactivity in the supernatants. High Performance Liquid Chromatography using a polymer-based column (PRP-1) in conjunction with gradient elution was found to be a suitable method of metabolite analysis of [18F]Florbetaben. HPLC analyses indicated that [18F]Florbetaben is rapidly metabolized in vivo with an estimated initial half-life of about 6 min. A polar metabolite fraction, consisting presumably of more than one component, and (to a smaller extent) of the demethylated derivative of [18F]Florbetaben were time-dependently detected in plasma.

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Xinqi Zhou, Renjing Wu, Congcong Liu, Juan Kou, Yuanshu Chen, Halley M. Pontes, Dezhong Yao, Keith M. Kendrick, Benjamin Becker, and Christian Montag

Abstract

Background and aims

Growing concerns about the addictive nature of Internet and computer games led to the preliminary recognition of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as an emerging disorder by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the official recognition of Gaming Disorder (GD) as a new diagnosis by the World Health Organization (WHO). While the definition of clear diagnostic criteria for (I)GD represents an important step for diagnosis and treatment of the disorder, potential neurobiological correlates of the criteria remain to be explored.

Methods

The present study employed a dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) approach to determine associations between (I)GD symptom-load according to the APA and WHO diagnostic frameworks and brain structure in a comparably large sample of n = 82 healthy subjects.

Results

Higher symptom-load on both, the APA and WHO diagnostic frameworks convergently associated with lower volumes of the striatum.

Discussion

The results from this exploratory study provide the first initial evidence for a neurobiological foundation of the proposed diagnostic criteria for (I)GD according to both diagnostic classification systems and suggest that the transition from non-disordered to disordered gaming may be accompanied by progressive neuroplastic changes in the striatum, thus resembling progressive changes in other addictive disorders.

Conclusions

The proposed (I)GD criteria in both diagnostic systems were associated with neurostructural alterations in the striatum, suggesting an association with progressive changes in the motivational systems of the brain.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors: P. V. Drion, A. Zarrouk, J. Sulon, O. Szenci, J. F. Beckers, Zs. Perényi, B. Remy, and J. M. Garbayo

The Pregnancy Associated Glycoproteins (PAGs) presented in this paper are largely expressed in the ruminant placenta. These proteins are classified as probably inactive members of the aspartic proteinase family. Pepsinogen, renin, cathepsin E & D and chymosine are typical members of this family, characterised by the presence of aspartic acids boarding the recognition sites. Secreted in the peripheral blood of the pregnant female from early pregnancy, these proteins can be used in serological tests for establishing different diagnoses. In the veterinary practice, these diagnoses are useful for both pregnancy confirmation and follow-up of trophoblastic function. The first aspect can help breeders in the management of reproduction, while the second one more specifically concerns clinicians and researchers wishing to establish a differential diagnosis of pathologic conditions affecting pregnancy.

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Journal of Flow Chemistry
Authors: René Becker, Sebastiaan (Bas) A.M.W. van den Broek, Pieter J. Nieuwland, Kaspar Koch, and Floris P.J.T. Rutjes

Abstract

To expand the knowledge base for fundamental organic reactions in continuous flow, the α-bromination of acetophenone was successfully transformed from a known batch procedure to a continuous flow process in 99 % yield through D-optimal optimisation and subsequent scale-up of the validated optimum. Using a preparative scale system, a space–time yield of 0.26 kg/m3/s (comparable literature batch reaction 0.24 kg/m3/s) was achieved under conditions suitable for laboratory and small-scale industrial application where high yield or purity is required, e.g., when expensive substrates are used.

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