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  • Author or Editor: M. Benchanaa x
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Abstract  

A non-isothermal experimental study using thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was conducted for investigation the oxidation reactivity of natural phosphate and its demineralised products. The analyses were carried out in oxygen atmosphere and at different heating rate (5, 10, 20, 30, 50, 60C min-1) up to 1000C. The results indicated that the material washed with HCl from the original phosphate, mainly apatite and carbonates of calcium and magnesium, as well as with HCl/HF, silicates minreals, had an inhibition effect during oxidation reactions of organic material. The increase of the heating rate shifted the reactions to higher temperatures. In addition, kinetic parameters were determined by assuming a single first-order kinetic model, using the Coats-Redfern method. The influences of demineralization process of natural phosphate and the heating rate were examined and discussed.

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Abstract  

Thermogravimetry (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to study the thermal behaviour of the organic matter in the natural phosphate and its concentrate kerogen from the Moroccan deposit. The TG analysis showed that both the investigated samples exhibited a one-step thermal oxidation in the main mass loss area, between 160 and 540C, attributed to the hydrocarbon material. When DSC analyses of oxidation as well as pyrolysis yielded two evolutionary stages of the hydrocarbon in this temperature range : the first one at 160-360C and the second one above 360C. Pyrolytic kerogen decomposition was monitored by measuring changes in the principal FTIR organic bands. The results showed, in the first stage, the progressive decrease of signals due to CH2 and CH3 vibrations as well as the carbonyl and carboxylic bands, and their subsequent disappearance at 300C. In the second stage above 400C, the signal due to the aromatic components (1600 cm-1) appeared but decreased with increasing temperature up to 540C.

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Abstract  

Investigations into the pyrolytic behaviours of oil shale, poly (ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and their mixture have been conducted using a thermogravimetric analyzer. Experiments were carried out dynamically by increasing the temperature from 298 to 1273 K with heating rates of 2 to 100 K/min under a nitrogen atmosphere. Discrepancies between the experimental and calculated TG/DTG profiles were considered as a measurement of the extent of interactions occurring on co-pyrolysis. The maximum degradation temperature of each component in the mixture was higher than those the individual components; thus an increase in thermal stability was expected. The kinetic processing of thermogravimetric data was carried out using Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) method.

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Abstract

The adsorbed amounts of water vapor onto polyacrylic polymer (polymer ×10) were measured using a thermogravimetry method as a function of pressure at 298 and 313 K. The adsorption isotherms are categorized to type II isotherms by IUPAC classification leading to a hysteresis loop between adsorption and desorption branches. The current study was completed by the measurement of the adsorption heats at 298 K using a differential scanning calorimetry. The calorimetric curves showed two adsorption heats domains. These domains have been attributed to the adsorption of “equivalent monolayer” and the condensation of water between polymeric chains. The correlation of experimental data to some chosen theoretical models shows that the GAB model is the most adequate to describe water vapor sorption isotherms.

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