For the first time the moss biomonitoring technique has been applied to air pollution monitoring in Central Russia (Tula region). INAA at the IBR-2 reactor has made it possible to determine the content of 33 elements in mosses collected at 83 sampling site. In addition to NAA, flame AAS (atomic absorption spectrometry) was applied to determine the content of Cd, Cu and Pb. Factor analysis was applied to determine possible sources of trace element deposition in Tula mosses. The geographical distribution of factor scores and some element distribution maps over the investigated territory are presented.
For six wheat varieties with different quality it was shown that GSH-dependent protein-disulphide oxidoreductase (TPDO) increases the activity to the third week after anthesis, a period of maximum synthesis of storage proteins in wheat kernels. The study revealed a correlation between TPDO activity in maturing kernels and dough stiffness. The addition of exogenous TPDO to flour significantly increased dough extensibility (from 17 to 49% for cultivars with different quality), which implies the ability of the enzyme to disrupt SS bonds in high-molecular weight gluten polymers.