Li (i=1, 2 and 3) X-ray fluorescence cross sections have been measured for ten elements in the atomic range 73≤Z≤92 at 60 keV. The values of Li subshell fluorescence yields (ω1, ω2 and ω3) have been measured for the same elements using the presently measured cross section values and the theoretical Li subhell photoionisation cross sections, Coster-Kronig transition probabilities and emission rates. The measured X-ray fluorescence
(XRF) cross section values are in general agreement with the theoretical values evaluated using L subshell fluorescence yields,
Coster-Kronig transition probabilities, emission rates and subshell photoionisation cross sections. Furthermore, the values
of L subshell fluorescence yields are in good agreement with the theoretical values.
Experimental total attenuation coefficients of carbon in the photon energy range 4.5–60 keV have been measured. The total attenuation cross section of C rapidly decreased with energy in the range of 4.5–10 keV. The measured values are in agreement with the theoretical values.
The vacancy transfer probabilities of K to L1, L2 and L3 shell were measured with a new method. The L X-ray yields of targets excited by 59.5 keV incident photons, i.e., above the K edge of elements, were detected with a high-resolution Si(Li) detector. For comparison with the experimental results, theoretical calculations were made using data available on radiative and radiationless transitions. The radiative transition values of these elements were taken from the relativistic Hartree-Slater model, those of the radiationless transitions from the Dirac-Hartree-Slater model. The measured values were found to be in good agreement with theoretical ones. The hKLi (i = 1, 2, 3) values were calculated by measuring the L1x, L2x and L3x X-ray production cross-sections.
In this study the enhancement effect depending on the changing of the sample of the matrix element has been investigated using
energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis. The present measured values of the enhancement effect factors for eight series
(La2O3−Sm2O3, La2O3−Eu2O3, La2O3−Gd2O3, La2O3−Tb4O7, La2O3−Dy2O3, La2O3−Ho2O3, La2O3−Er2O3 and La2O3−Tm2O3) at 59.5 keV incident photon energy have been studied. It has been observed that changing of the matrix element influence
the enhancement effect.
Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence technique was used for the determination of As, Sr, Mo, Ba, In and Ce in fly ash Afsin-Elbistan power plants using the standard addition method. An annular241Am source was employed for excitation of the K shell of the elements.
and the total L shell X-ray fluorescence (LXRF) cross sections (σ
) at 30 keV have been calculated theoretically for the elements with 25≤Z≤101. These calculated values have been compared with the other experimental and theoretical values.
Authors:A. Gürol, A. Karabulut, M. Ertuğrul, and G. Budak
The effects of the external magnetic field has been investigated on the K XRF cross sections of Fe, Co, Ni, and some of their
compounds by using an energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometer. The samples were irradiated by using the γ-rays of
59.537 keV emitted from an 241Am radioisotope source of 100 mCi. The samples were prepared from pure foil of Fe, Co, Ni, and some of their compounds. The
external magnetic fields have been applied two opposite directions and the magnitude of the external magnetic field has been
fixed at 0.400 T and −0.400 T. The measured K XRF cross sections have been compared with the calculated theoretical data and
interpolated values of Puri et al. Our experimental results show that the K XRF cross sections have been affected by the external magnetic field.
Authors:Ü. Turgut, E. Büyükkasap, Ö. Şimşek, M. Ertuğrul, and O. Doğan
The total attenuation cross sections in elements Ti, Fe, Ni and Zn for K and K group of liens of element 22Z92 by using tranmission method. K X-rays of seconder excitor were counted by a Ge(Li) detector with resolution 190 eV at 5.9 keV. The experimentally mesured attentuation cross sections have ben found in a good agreement with the theoretical values of Stom, Israel and Hubbell, Seltzer.
Authors:A. Baştuğ, Ö. Söğüt, Y. Şahin, and M. Ertuğrul
La and Lb X-ray fluorescence cross sections in Er, Ta, W and Au at excitation energies of 16.896, 22.581, 25.770, 32.890, 38.184, 43.949, 50.214 and 59.5 keV were investigated. Measurements were made using a low energy Si(Li) detector coupled to a model 4096 computerized multi-channel analyser. The experimental results were compared with the theoretically calculated values of L X-rays fluorescence cross sections and other experimental results. Good agreement was observed between experimental and theoretical values.
Authors:Ö. Şimşek, S. Yilmaz, D. Karagöz, and M. Ertugrul
A new method has been developed to determine K shell fluorescence cross section and K shell fluorescence yields. This method is based on simultaneous measurement of fluorescence radiation and scattered radiation, thus avoiding problems with measuring the source strength and source-to-detector solid angle. The K shell fluorescence cross section and K shell fluorescence yield for 21 elements in the atomic range 22£Z£64 have been measured by using a Si(Li) detector. The obtained results are compared with the other experimental, theoretical and fit values.