The thermal degradation of poly(vinyl acetate) (PVA), poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVAL), vinyl acetate-vinyl alcohol (VAVAL), vinyl
acetate-vinyl-3,5-dinitrobenzoate (VAVDNB) and vinyl alcohol-3,5-dinitrobenzoate (VALVDNB) copolymers have been studied using
differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetry (TG) under isothermal and dynamic conditions in nitrogen. Thermal
analysis indicates that PVA and PVAL are thermally more stable than VAVAL copolymers, being PVAL the most stable polymer.
The presence of small amounts of vinyl-3,5-dinitrobenzoate (VDNB) in PVA or PVAL produces a marked decrease in the thermal
stability of both homopolymers, being VALVDNB copolymers the less stable materials. The apparent activation energy of the
degradative process was determined by the Kissinger and Flynn-Wall methods which agree well.
Authors:M. Obregón, M. Fernández-Fernández and G. Sáenz
This paper describes an unusual halo observed on the morning of 19 January 1787 from Caspe, Spain. The most striking characteristic of this phenomenon was a vertical tail of light that appears under one of the false suns.
Authors:M. Dolores Fernández and M. Jesús Fernández
The thermal degradation of ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA), ethylene-vinyl-3,5-dinitrobenzoate (EVDNB) and ethylene-vinyl alcohol
(EVAL) copolymers have been studied using differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetry (TG) under isothermal and
dynamic conditions in nitrogen. Thermal analysis indicates that EVA copolymers are thermally more stable than EVDNB samples.
The degradation of the copolymers considered occurs as an additive degradation of each component polyethylene (PE) and poly(vinyl
acetate) (PVA), poly(vinyl-3,5-dinitrobenzoate) (PVDNB) or poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVAL). The apparent activation energy of the
decomposition was determined by the Kissinger and Flynn-Wall methods which agree well.
A new Rondeletia species (Rondeletieae, Rubiaceae) was collected by the combined German- Cuban research group of the National Botanical Garden of Cuba in the dry southern region of the historical province Oriente, actually Prov. Guantánamo, in the valley of Rio Seco between Imias and Cajobabo. The region is rich in small leaved sclerophyllous species belonging to the section Hypoleucae Fernandez-Zequeira, like R. acuminata, R. baracoensis, R. ingrata. It is also closely related to R. rugelii of the province Matanzas, and to the R. fuertesii of Hispaniola. From these mentioned species the new taxon differs in having naked corolla tube, a character completely unique in the section.
Scientific statistics provides the foundations necessary for every sciences policy. Against this background, special problems are posed for the developing countries. Below you find a presentation and discussion of experiences gained and results obtained in the course of the build up of statistics on science and technology in the Republic of Cuba, with assessments and conclusions drawn from an analysis into the data so far available. Therefore this paper is dealing with the scientific and technological potential of Cuba as a whole (S/T) without providing any distinction between sciences and technology.
Authors:A. Rekondo, L. Irusta and M. Fernández-Berridi
The thermal behaviour of a new kind of hybrid system based on silanized poly(ether-urethanes) (SPURs) has been analyzed by
thermogravimetric analysis (TG). The influence of the chemical nature of employed alkoxysilanes, polyether diol molecular
weight and the physical state of the obtained hybrids (cured and non-cured) has been studied. The results show that in the
non-cured state, aminosilane-based systems present a higher stability compared with those based on isocyanatesilane. However,
in the cured state, both types of hybrids present a similar thermal stability, but much higher than their corresponding partners
before the curing process. The presence of the inorganic silica network improves the thermal stability of all the systems