A class of linear operators on tensor products of Hilbert spaces is considered. That class contains integro-differential operators
arising in various applications. Estimates for the norm of the resolvent of considered operators are derived. By virtue of
the obtained estimates, the spectrum of perturbed operators is investigated. These results are new even in the finite-dimensional
case. Applications to integro-differential operators are also discussed.
Authors:M. Garrido, E. Giménez, J. Armenteros, M. Lacy and A. Gil
Nowadays, the Continuously Operating Reference Station (CORS) network, combined with network RTK corrections (NRTK solution), is a widely used technique for high-accuracy positioning in real time. This “active” network realizes a reference frame and propagates it to the users. In border regions the coherence between the reference frames propagated by neighboring active networks is a critical problem. In this study the test results of post-processed and simultaneous NRTK positions at six test points located in the border region between Portugal and the Community of Andalusia, in the south west of the Iberian Peninsula, are presented. The analysis is based on two GNSS active networks present in this border region, namely RENEP (Portugal) and RAP (Community of Andalusia, Spain), a national and a local RTK network respectively, with similar characteristics. Upon comparing the post-processed position for each test point, as estimated with respect to each of the two active networks analyzed, the discrepancies found in 3D were less than 2 centimeters. The results of network-based RTK positioning were found to be successful within a 2 cm precision level in the east and north components and 4 cm for the up component. The results also confirm that the NRTK positioning accuracy is about 2 cm in horizontal and 4 cm in vertical, which can satisfy the requirement of real-time positioning users at a centimetric accuracy level, even in border regions considering extrapolated NRTK solutions.
Authors:M. Ferreira Marques, A. De Lima, C. Gil and G. Duplâtre
The effect of CCl4 on positronium (Ps) formation is examined in isooctane through positron lifetime spectroscopy experiments, in the framework of a series of studies on AOT-based reverse micellar systems. This solute appears as a rather strong Ps formation inhibitor, as expected in view of its well-known electron scavenging properties. The reciprocal of the triplet Ps intensity (1/I3) varies linearly with CCl4 concentration (C), up to about 0.08M, allowing to derive a high inhibition constant,k=36.6M–1. Above 0.08M, however, the inhibition slackens out, which is attributed to an anti-inhibition effect. On the basis of previous reports on halocompounds, a general scheme of reactions is proposed to occur in the positron spur, including, besides the primary Ps formation through thee+/e– reaction and the recombination reactions, electron scavenging by CCl4 as the direct inhibiting reaction, followed by the reaction of the thus formed anion with the positron. The latter reaction may lead either to a [CCl4Ps] bound-state or, if the positron picks off the electron from the anion, to some additional Ps formation. By using a simple quantitative approach to this scheme, an equation descriptive of the variation ofI3 withC is derived which agrees well with the experimental data.
Authors:F. Rey, J. Martin Gil, M. Villamañan and J. Jose
An important application of agricultural residues is as fuels for combustion processes. This paper shows how thermal analysis
can be used for characterization of different kinds of cereals with a view to increasing efficiency in combustion processes.
Results are in good agreement with those derived from standard ASTM methods.
Authors:J. Castro-Calvo, M. D. Gil-Llario, C. Giménez-García, B. Gil-Juliá and R. Ballester-Arnal
Background and aims
Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (CSBD) is characterized by a persistent failure to control intense and recurrent sexual impulses, urges, and/or thoughts, resulting in repetitive sexual behavior that causes a marked impairment in important areas of functioning. Despite its recent inclusion in the forthcoming ICD-11, concerns regarding its assessment, diagnosis, prevalence or clinical characteristics remain. The purpose of this study was to identify participants displaying CSBD through a novel data-driven approach in two independent samples and outline their sociodemographic, sexual, and clinical profile.
Sample 1 included 1,581 university students (females = 56.9%; Mage = 20.58) whereas sample 2 comprised 1,318 community members (females = 43.6%; Mage = 32.37). First, we developed a new composite index to assess the whole range of CSBD symptoms based on three previously validated scales. Based on this new composite index, we subsequently identified individuals with CSBD through a cluster analytic approach.
The estimated occurrence of CSBD was 10.12% in sample 1 and 7.81% in sample 2. Participants with CSBD were mostly heterosexual males, younger than respondents without CSBD, reported higher levels of sexual sensation seeking and erotophilia, an increased offline and especially online sexual activity, more depressive and anxious symptoms, and poorer self-esteem.
This research provides further evidence on the occurrence of CSBD based on an alternative data-driven approach, as well as a detailed and nuanced description of the sociodemographic, sexual, and clinical profile of adults with this condition. Clinical implications derived from these findings are discussed in detail.
Authors:Diego M. Gil, M. Carolina Navarro, M. Cristina Lagarrigue, J. Guimpel, Raúl E. Carbonio and M. Inés Gómez
The thermal decomposition of Y[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O has been studied in order to investigate the formation of the multi-ferroic oxide YFeO3. The starting material (Y[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O) and the decomposition products were characterized by IR spectroscopy, thermal analysis, X-ray powder diffraction (PXRD), and scanning electron microscopy. Metastable YFeO3 with hexagonal structure, space group P63/mmc, was obtained by thermal decomposition of Y[Fe(CN)6]·4H2O at 600 °C in air. Orthorhombic YFeO3 was obtained by the same method at T ≥ 800 °C in air. The crystal structure of orthorhombic YFeO3 was refined by Rietveld analysis using PXRD data. We found that it was slightly deficient in Y3+, which is in agreement with the small amount of Y2O3 found as impurity in the sample. The formula of the orthorhombic phase is Y0.986FeO3.
Authors:M. V. Gil, J. Riaza, L. Álvarez, C. Pevida, J. J. Pis and F. Rubiera
The thermal characteristics of pulverized coal have been studied under oxy-fuel combustion conditions using non-isothermal thermogravimetric analysis (TG). The atmospheres used were 21%O2/79%N2, 21%O2/79%CO2, 30%O2/70%O2, and 35%O2/65%CO2. Coal blends of coal with 10 and 20% of biomass were also studied under these atmospheres. The addition of 10 and 20% of steam was evaluated for the oxy-fuel combustion atmospheres with 21 and 30% of O2 in order to study the effect of the wet recirculation of flue gas. The results obtained were similar for all the different rank coals and indicated that replacing N2 by CO2 in the combustion atmosphere with 21% of O2 caused a slight decrease in the rate of mass loss and delayed the burning process of the coal, biomass and coal/biomass blend samples. When the O2 concentration was increased to 30 and 35% in the oxy-fuel combustion atmosphere, the rate of mass loss increased, the burning process occurred at lower temperatures and it was shorter in duration. An increase in the rate of mass loss and a reduction in burning time and temperature were observed after the addition of steam to the oxy-fuel combustion atmosphere. No relevant differences between the 10 and 20% steam concentrations were observed.