The effect of the foliar fertilizer Campofort Special-Zn (CSZn) and the plant growth regulator Rastim 30 DKV (RM) on growth, yield parameters and seed protein content was studied in mung bean [
(L.) Wilczek] plants grown under greenhouse and field conditions. CSZn at a dose of 10 l per ha, and RM at doses of 3, 30 and 60 g per ha were applied alone or in combination (before flowering and 14 days after first application). The initiation of flowering and ripening processes and the chlorophyll content Chl (
) were evaluated. At harvest, total yield and yield components (number of pods per plant, seed number per pod, single pod mass, seed mass per pod), germination of seeds and seed protein content were determined. RM applied alone induced intensive flowering, increased the number of pods and yield components per plant, accelerated the ripening of the pods, increased the Chl content in the leaves and delayed senescence in treated plants. The mixture of RM with CSZn (60 g + 10 l per ha) and RM alone at a dose of 60 g per ha had a retarding and morphogenic effect on the growth of treated plants and also decreased the protein content and germination of the seeds. The best results for all studied parameters were achieved in the field at a dose of 30 g RM + 10 l CSZn and under greenhouse conditions at a dose of 3 g RM + 10 l CSZn.
The effects of the carbonization product of separated communal waste as an additive to the soil was studied on the germination, quantitative growth and yield parameters of maize (Zea mays L.), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.). The product was tested on three soil types with different humus content and mineral composition in doses of 1, 10 and 20 g of additive per kg soil, with application before seeding or after plant emergence, under greenhouse and field conditions. It was found that plants utilized the nutrient content from the carbonization products in both methods of application and that the stimulatory effect on the germination, fresh and dry mass and yield parameters of the treated plants was dependent on the plant species, soil type, dose and method of application. A significant effect of the additive was found on the germination of bean, which increased by 8-22% over the control. Fresh and dry mass increased by 18-62% in maize and by 2-30% in bean when the additive was applied under greenhouse conditions. In the field the additive was found to have a positive effect on the average mass of tomato fruits and maize cobs, and on the yield per plant.