Uranium in human bone, drinking water and daily diet has been determined by neutron activation analysis using the238U(n, γ)239U reaction. An improved scheme for the separation of the239U is proposed; with this scheme, after neutron irradiation in a 100 kW TRIGA reactor, a uranium content as low as 5·10−11 g can be determined reliably, rapidly and easily. A wide range of uranium concentrations, from about 0.1 ppb up to about
10 ppb has been found in the bones of normal Japanese. Water from several Japanese city water services, and the daily diet
taken in two Japanese cities, have been found to contain an average 9·10−9 g/l and 1.5 μg per person-day uranium, respectively.
Fe-57 Mössbauer spectra of silica-supported Pd–Fe bimetallic catalysts show remarkable changes with varying Fe/Pd atomic ratios. From the spectra, the main Fe-component is estimated as highly dispersed Fe in the Fe/Pd range of 0.05–0.3 and -Fe ensemble and Fe–Pd intermetallics in the Fe/Pd range above 0.3. It is suggested that the chemical state of iron is associated with the catalytic performance in effective CO–H2 conversion to methanol.
Silica supported Rh–Fe catalysts were characterized by means of in situ57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. The Mössbauer spectra indicated that iron on the silica support existed either as Fe/O/ in the Rh–Fe alloy or as Fe3+ in Rh–Fe metal cluster compounds. The (Fe3+/Fe/O/) ratio and Mössbauer parameters were found to depend on the (Fe/Rh) atomic ratio in the catalysts. Such dependence corresponded to the change of catalytic properties of the supported Rh–Fe catalyst with the varying (Fe/Rh) ratio.
Phthalocyanineiron/II/ in NaY zeolite was synthesized via various processes from an iron carbonyl compound into NaY zeolite in gaseous phase. Mössbauer spectra of the final product /phthalocyanineiron/II// and the precursor species /iron oxide and [phthalocyaninato/2-/]bis/pyridine/iron/II// in NaY zeolite were measured to characterize the chemical and physical states of the iron species.
Rapid chemical separation of berkelium is essential in order to measure the unknown isotope 252Bk. An anion exchange system of mineral acid and methanol was examined. An elution curve of Bk was obtained using 250Bk produced by the 248Cm+18O system and the 251Bk activity could be measured in the preliminary experiments. The whole chemical separation was completed within 30 minutes.
The anion exchange behavior of 255No produced by the 248Cm(12C,5n) reaction has been investigated in 11.5M HCl, 4M HCl and 8M HNO3 to deduce the behavior of 'primordial 257No' produced via 248Cm(18O,5n)261Rf
257No before anion exchange separation in the 261Rf experiment. It was found that 255No is mostly eluted from the anion exchange column with these solutions. The contribution of 'primordial 257No' to the -decay events of 261Rf in the 261Rf experiment was evaluated based on the present results.
Two kinds of scission configurations for certain mass division have been verified by the accurate measurements of fragment
velocities in protoninduced fission of actinides: compact and elongated scission configurations. A correlation between the
binary scission configurations and mass yield distributions reveals that elongated scission configurations are associated
with the symmetric mass distribution and compact scission configurations with the asymmetric mass distribution. The elongation
properties of nuclei at scission in a wide range of actinides fissions are studied. The results suggest that the compact and
the elongated scission configurations in light actinides fission smoothly change to the scission properties of the symmetric
and the asymmetic modes in heavy actinides fission.
Studies on the decay of unstable nuclei using the two on-line isotope separators of JAERI are reviewed for the past five years.
With the previously established ion-source technique using mono-oxide ion formation in a thermal ion source, the new nuclides125Pr and127Pr have been identified in heavy-ion fusion residues. Further, with a newly developed gas-jet coupled thermal ion source,
the new nuclides166Tb,165Gd,161Sm and236Am have been identified by bombarding238U and235U targets with a proton or6Li beam. Other studies, including off-line experiments, by decay spectroscopy, laser spectroscopy and Mössbauer spectroscopy
To study the correlation between fragment mass distributions and shell structures of fission fragments, fragment mass and energy distributions in proton-induced fission of 232Th and uranium isotopes, 233,235,238U, were precisely measured using a double-TOF method. It was found that the lighter side of the heavier wing of asymmetric mass distributions shifts to larger fragment mass number corresponding to the N/Z value of the fissioning nucleus. The results are explained qualitatively by the change of the most probable mass number of fission fragments of Z = 50 proton-shell.
The correlation among the fission threshold energy, the scission configuration and the mass yield distribution has been studied
in proton-induced fission of light actinides. It was found that there exist at least two fission paths from the threshold
region to the scission. The elongated scission configuration is related with the fission process that goes over a higher threshold
energy and results in a symmetric mass division mode, while the compact scission configuration with the process that experiences
a lower threshold and ends up with an asymmetric mass division mode.