Fusarium wilt of tomato is one of the most prevalent and
economically important diseases of tomato worldwide especially in tropical
regions. The aims of the present study were to isolate and characterize
Bacillus bacteria from tomato rhizospheric soil of various
regions in Iran and determine the isolates that exhibit high levels of
antagonistic efficiency against tomato Fusarium wilt pathogen,
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici
(Fol) and growth promotion activity. In this study, 303
Bacillus isolates were obtained from tomato rhizospheric
soil. Dual culture and volatile metabolite tests were used to screen for
antagonism of Bacillus isolates against Fol.
Among them, 20 isolates were found to inhibit pathogen growth by 67.77% and
33.33% in dual culture and volatile metabolite tests, respectively. Based on the
results of physiological tests and 16S rRNA and gyrA gene
sequence analysis of 20 effective isolates, 11, seven and two isolates were
identified as B. subtilis, B. velezensis and
B. cereus, respectively. The results of greenhouse
assessment showed that KR1-2, KR2-7 and A2-9 isolates which were characterized
as Bacillus subtilis, reduced the disease index to 16.67% and
promoted the plant growth by 80%. These isolates may serve as potential
promising biocontrol agents against Fusarium wilt of
A reconnaissance study has been made on the distribution of 238U, 232 Th, 40K, 137Cs and geochemical features in soil and sediment samples at various locations in the coast of Persian Gulf. Activity concentration
levels due to radionuclides were measured in 50 samples of soils and sediments collected from the coast of Hormozgan. From
the measured spectra, activity concentrations were determined for 40K (range from 140 to 1172 Bq . kg-1), 137Cs (from 0 to 15 Bq . kg-1), 238 U (from 29 to 385 Bq . kg-1) and 2321 Th (from 9 to 156 Bq . kg-1) with the lowest limit of detection (LLD) of 68, 3.2, 4.3 and 4.3 Bq . kg-1, respectively. The dose rate from ambient air at the soil ranges was between 23 to 177 nGy . h-1 with an average of 60±7.86 nGy . h-1.
In this study we investigated the relationship between dietary patterns and anxiety and stress in adults living in Shiraz, Iran. In a cross-sectional design, 416 subjects (180 men and 236 women) aged 20 to 50 years were selected by stratified multistage random sampling. Dietary intakes were assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Mental health information was collected by depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS) questionnaire. Three major dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis: vegetable, Western, and Mediterraneantype dietary patterns. Regression analysis showed a strong positive association between Western dietary pattern and anxiety (β=0.66; 95% CI: 0.03, 1.28), and stress (β=0.84; 95% CI: 0.1, 1.57). Also, there was an inverse association between Mediterranean-type dietary pattern and anxiety (β= ‒0.81; 95% CI: ‒1.43, ‒0.19). These associations remained statistically significant even after adjustments for demographic characteristics, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, and energy intake. No association was found between vegetable dietary pattern and any of the assessed psychiatric disorders.
This report covers optimization of radioiodination of peptides by both a direct method in which a constituent tyrosine residue is labeled and indirect method by using an iodinated derivative (SIB) of N succinimidyl 3-(tri-n-butylstannyl) benzoate (ATE) as the intermediate. Radioiodination of IgG and FMLF were performed by direct method using Chloramine-T as an oxidant but since Formyl-Methyl-Leucyl-Phenylalanine, FMLF, does not lend itself for direct radioiodination we performed labeling of FMLF by indirect method via radioiodined SIB at different pH.
Due to interesting physical properties and wide availability of 201Tl as a SPECT radionuclide, the incorporation of this nuclide into DTPA for cell labeling was targeted. Thallium-201 (T1/2 = 3.04 d) in Tl+ form was converted to Tl3+ cation in the presence of O3/6M HCl and di-isopropyl ether, controlled by RTLC/gel electrophoresis methods. The final evaporated activity reacted with
cDTPA in normal saline to yield [201Tl](III)DTPA at room temperature after 0.5 hour, followed by solid phase extraction purification using C18 Sep-Pak column (radiochemical yield >95%). Radiochemical purity of more than 99% was obtained using RTLC with specific activity
of about 260 GBq/mmol. The stability of the tracer was checked in the final product in the presence of human serum at 37 °C
up to 3 days. The partition coefficient was also measured. The labeled compound was used in red blood cell (RBC) labeling.
The cell uptake ratio was determined at 4, 25 and 37 °C up to 3 hours.
Copper-61 produced via the natZn(p,x)61Cu nuclear reaction was used for the preparation of [61Cu]diacetyl-bis(N4-methylthiosemicarbazone) ([61Cu]ATSM) (4) using a house-made ATSM ligand. After a proton irradiation of an electroplated zinc layer by 22 MeV protons at 180 mA for
3.2 hours, 61Cu was recovered by two-step chromatography using a cation and an anion exchange column. About 222 GBq (6.00 Ci) of 61Cu2+ was obtained with a radiochemical separation yield of more than 95% and a radionuclidic purity of better than 99%. Colorimetric
methods showed that traces of chemical impurities in the product were below the accepted limits. The [61Cu]ATSM production was optimized for reaction conditions (buffer concentration and temperature) with a radiochemical yield
of higher than 80%, radiochemical purity of better than 98% and a specific activity of about 246 Ci/mmol. The produced [61Cu]ATSM is a PET radiotracer for hypoxia imaging with an intermediate half life and a satisfactory quality, suitable for future
Human recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) was successively labeled with [111In]-indium chloride after conjugation with freshly prepared cyclic DTPA-dianhydride (ccDTPA). The best results of the conjugation
were obtained by the addition of 100 i.u. of an EPO pharmaceutical solution (in phosphate buffer, pH 7.5) to a glass tube
pre-coated with DTPA-dianhydride (0.01 mg) at 25 °C with continuous mild stirring for 30 minutes. Radio thin layer chromatography
(RTLC), instant thin layer chromatography (ITLC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed overall radiochemical
purity of higher than 95% at optimized conditions (specific activity = 1.2–1.5 GBq/mg, labeling efficiency 80%). Preliminary
in vivo studies in normal rat model was performed to determine the biodistribution of the radiotracer up to 1 hour using scarification.
The high kidney uptake of the tracer was consistent with the reported EPO receptor distribution.
Copper-64 was produced as a by-product of 55Co via 64Ni(p,n)64Cu by 15 MeV proton bombardment of natNi resulting in a thick target yield of 5.31 MBq/μAh (143.5 μCi/μAh) and a radiochemical separation yield of 95% (radionuclide
purity >97% after 25 hours of bombardment). Rituximab was successively labeled with [64Cu]-CuCl2. N-succinimidyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA-NHS) was prepared at 25 °C using DOTA and
N-hydroxy succinimide (NHS) in CH2Cl2 followed by the addition of 1 ml of a Rituximab pharmaceutical solution. Radiolabeling was performed at 37 °C in 3 hours.
Radio thin-layer chromatography showed an overall radiochemical purity of 90–95% at optimized conditions (specific activity=30
GBq/mg, labeling efficacy; 82%) using various chromatography systems. The final isotonic 64Cu-DOTA-Rituximab complex was passed through a 0.22 μm filter and checked by gel electrophoresis for radiolysis control. Stability
of the final product was checked in the formulation and in presence of human serum at 37 °C.