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Abstract  

The aim of the present work is to study plaster residues produced in industries in Goiás State (Brazil). The study analyzes the trituration and dehydrating processes of the plaster and compares its chemical, mechanical and physical characteristics to the natural plaster samples aiming its possible recycling. Plaster samples were submitted to X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses. By the comparison of the results obtained for both samples it was observed that they have similar chemical characteristics. No reason was found against the use of recycled plaster.

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Abstract  

Solid M-Ox compounds, whereM represents Mg(II), Zn(II), Pb(II) and NbO(III), and Ox is 8-quinolinol, have been prepared. Thermogravimetry, derivative thermogravimetry (TG, DTG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and infrared absorption spectra (IR) have been used to characterize and to study the thermal stability and thermal decomposition of these compounds.

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Abstract  

A formulation of nifedipine tablets was prepared in the present research. The tablets were conditioned in amber-colored glass containers and placed in a climatized room at 40°C and relative humidity of 75% for 180 days. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG) were used in order to evaluate the thermal properties of nifedipine, the excipients and two well-known nifedipine degradation products. The results demonstrated that there is no evidence on the interaction between nifedipine and excipients, or degradation products.

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Abstract  

A new formulation of nifedipine tablets was prepared. The tablets were conditioned in amber-colored glass containers and placed in a climatized room at 40 °C and relative humidity of 75% for 180 days. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Thermogravimetry (TG) were used in order to evaluate the thermal properties of nifedipine, the excipients and two well-known nifedipine degradation products. There is no evidence of interaction between nifedipine and excipients or degradation products. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used in the dosage of nifedipine tablets before and after acclimatized exposure. Results show that DSC and TG offer important data for a more detailed assessment of the stability of a pharmaceutical formulation.

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Abstract  

Thermogravimetry technique is useful to determine the thermal stability of vegetable oils. In this paper some vegetable oils obtained from brazilian Cerrado native plants were studied based on their high oleic acid content. Amburana, baru and pequi pulp oils presented higher yield of extraction compared to soybean oil. The thermal stability of oils in nitrogen was very close hence their fatty acid composition was very similar. Amburana and baru oils have major amount of unsaturated fatty acids, especially linoleic acid and pequi pulp oil has the highest short chain fatty acid content which can explain its lowest thermal stability in synthetic air.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Y. A. Ribeiro, J. D. S. de Oliveira, M. I. G. Leles, S. A. Juiz and M. Ionashiro

Thermogravimetry, derivative thermogravimetry (TG, DTG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), were used to study the thermal behaviour of mefenamic acid, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, sodium diclofenac, phenylbutazone, dipyrone and salicylamide. The results led to thermal stability data and also to the interpretation concerning the thermal decomposition.

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