The kinetics and mechanism of thermal dehydration of Sr(NO3)2.4H2O and its deuterated analogue were studied by means of DTA, TG and DSC. The temperatures, enthalpies and weight losses of phase transitions were measured. The dehydration occurs in a stepwise manner, and the composition of the intermediate depends on the rate of thermal decomposition. The kinetic parameters (E* andZ) for the two steps of dehydration at a heating rate of 5 deg min−1 were calculated. A correlation was found between the dispersity of the end-product of the thermal decomposition (SrO) and the conditions of its preparation.
A DTA and DSC study was made of the thermal dehydration and decomposition of Mg(IO3)2·4H2O and Mg(IO3)2·4D2O. The data obtained show that the dehydration takes place in one stage. The ΔHdeho
obtained were used to calculate ΔHfo
, and comparisons were made with the literature data. It was confirmed that the thermal decomposition passes through an intermediate
Mg5(IO6)2, which is unstable and immediately decomposes to MgO. An isotope effect is observed in both DTA and DSC curves. Thermogravimetric
data on Mg(IO3)2·10H2O are also presented.
The thermal dehydration and decomposition of Zn(NO3)2·6H2O (I) were studied via DTA, TG and DSC, quantitative analysis and IR spectroscopy, and compared with those of Zn(NO3)2·6D2O (II). The following phase transitions were observed: melting of the salts; partial dehydration to tetrahydrate; formation of basic nitrate-hydrate; and formation of ZnO.
Methods of DTA, TG, DSC, IR spectroscopy and X-ray phase analysis were used to study the thermal dehydration and decomposition
of Ca2+ and Sr2+ peroxotitanates to the corresponding metatitanates. The stages of the process and the intermediate phases were identified.
The information obtained was utilised to determine the optimum temperatures of heating of the initial peroxotitanates to yield
metatitanates with a fairly high degree of crystallinity (for CaTiO3 680C, and for SrTiO3 650C).
The percentage of thermal dehydration and decomposition of ordinary and deuterated hydrates of barium acetate (tri- and monohydrates) were studied with a derivatograph and by DSC method. The observed phase transitions were identified and their corresponding enthalpy changes determined. The latter were compared with those estimated on thermodynamic data. The conclusions made on the dehydration process in correlation with IR spectra were used as information about the structure of the dehydrated water in the compounds investigated. The end product was also identified as barium carbonate.
DTA and DSC were used to study the thermal behaviour of Ca(NO3)2·4H2O, Cd(NO3)2·4H2O, Mg(NO3)2·6H2O and their deuterated analogues. Evidence was found concerning the process of melting of the initial hydrates and deuterates,
followed by a one-stage dehydration of the melt to vield the respective anhydrous salt.
were determined and the ΔHfo
values for the investigated hydrates were calculated from the ΔHdeho
Methods of DTA, TG, X-ray phase analysis and IR spectroscopy were used to study the thermal dehydration and decomposition
of Ni2+ and Zn2+ peroxotitanates to the corresponding metatitanates. The course of the process was established and the intermediate phases
were identified. The information obtained was utilized to determine the optimum temperatures of heating the initial peroxotitanates
for conversion to metatitanates with a fairly high degree of crystallinity (for ZnTiO3 the optimum temperature is 600C, while for NiTiO3 it is 550C).