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  • Author or Editor: M. Mousa x
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Abstract  

The electrical conductivity and IR-spectra of pure and Cu-doped Fe3O4 spinels were measured at 300–1000 K. Two breaks in the conductivity-temperature curves have been observed for all investigated pure and doped samples. One of these two breaks were found near the Curie point of the investigated spinel. The electrical conduction in -irradiated and non-irradiated pure and Cu-doped Fe3O4 occurred by a hopping mechanism due to a fast electron exchange between Fe2+ and Fe3+-ions present on octahedral sites. The Seebeck-voltage of the irradiated and non-irradiated pure and Cu-doped samples has been measured. The effect of -irradiation on the conductivity values //, activation energy and type of defects was discussed.

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Abstract  

Effect of lattice defects induced by doping elements of Ti, Sn and Nb on the thermal annealing of -irradiation damage in Fe2O3 was investigated. The results showed that the initial damage concentration and the susceptibility to thermal annealing depend on the type of doping elements. For the same doiping concentration they increasein the order Ti>Sn>Nb. The rate of the thermal annealing was also increased in the same order Ti>Sn>Nb. This can be interpreted as the difference in the rate of diffusion of these elements in Fe2O3.

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Abstract  

Fission-produced 131I and 103Ru radionuclides have been separated sequentially by distillation from H2SO4 of controlled chemical composition. The thermal-neutron irradiated uranium trioxide targets were digested in 2M NaOH solution and then, the supernatant solution was acidified to 20% H2SO4 with addition of a few drops of H2O2 solution. On boiling for 3.5 hours, ≥99.99%131I was volatilized, passed through 3M H2SO4 traps, and then collected in 0.1M NaOH + 0.01% Na2S2O3 solution with a recovery yield of 73.6%. The product radionuclide had high radiochemical and radionuclidic purities. After separation of 131I, the fission-product solution was acidified to 40% H2SO4 acid containing KMnO4 as an oxidant and boiled for 40 minutes. Ruthenium nuclides were volatilized and collected in 0.1M NaOH solution. Gamma-ray spectrometry showed that the separation and the recovery yields of 103Ru were ≥99.99 and 65%, respectively, with ~92% radionuclidic purity, measured immediately after separation. The radionuclides of 132I and 106Rh were the main contaminants detected in the obtained 103Ru product solution.

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Abstract  

DTA, dc-conductivity and thermoelectric power of the compounds RMnCl4, RCoCl4 and RMn0.5Co0.5Cl4;
\documentclass{aastex} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{bm} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{pifont} \usepackage{stmaryrd} \usepackage{textcomp} \usepackage{upgreek} \usepackage{portland,xspace} \usepackage{amsmath,amsxtra} \pagestyle{empty} \DeclareMathSizes{10}{9}{7}{6} \begin{document} $$R = H_3 \mathop N\limits^ + /CH_2 /\mathop {{}_8N}\limits^ + H_3$$ \end{document}
, have been measured over a temperature range of 300–500 K. Both DTA and dc-conductivity results showed the presence of many phase transitions in each one of the complexes investigated. The conductivity results were explained in terms of an electron hopping mechanism. The effect of -irradiation on the conductivity data and the type of crystal phases have been investigated and discussed.
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Abstract  

The electrical conductivity of pure and Mn-doped MgAl2O4 spinel has been studied in nitrogen atmosphere as a function of temperature. The conduction process is explained by the motion of cation vacancies in each of -irradiated and unirradiated samples. The effect of -irradiation on the conductivity and activation energy has been discussed.

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Abstract  

The physicochemical properties (crystal structure, surface acidity, surface area, catalytic activity and electrical conductivity) of TiO2-silica gel mixed oxides have been investigated. A series of mixed oxides of various compositions in the range of 0–100% for each component were prepared by calcining the mixed oxides in air at temperatures of 115, 300, 600 and 1000°C. The results obtained have been discussed and correlated.

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Abstract  

The radiochemical separation of no-carrier-added cerium from proton irradiated lanthanum was studied by solvent extraction using DEE, TBP and TPPO, the latter reagent being employed for the first time for separation of radiocerium from bulk of lanthanum. Distribution coefficients of cerium and lanthanum were investigated as a function of equilibrium time and concentration of HNO3. A mixture of 0.05M K2Cr2O7 and 0.1M H2SO4 was used as an oxidizing agent to improve the separation efficiency of cerium. A comparative study of the three extractants released that DEE is the best for separation of cerium from bulk of lanthanum oxide. The target was prepared by pressing. The production of 139Ce of high radionuclidic purity and chemical purity via irradiation of lanthanum oxide target at MGC-20 cyclotron with protons of energy 14.5 MeV is described. The experimental yield was found to be 153 kBq/μA·h.

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Abstract  

The effect of water-miscible alcohols and acetone on the extraction and separation of Cd and Zn chlorides by TOPO was systematically investigated. The maximum extraction of Zn chloride with 0.1 M TOPO decreases in the order: acetone>methanol>ethanol>2-propanol>2-butanol. For alcohols, the sequence of decreasing extractability is thus parallel to the order of their dielectric constants. This can be explained by the increase of HCl extraction by TOPO in the same direction. The presence of additives in the polar phase prevents the formation of a bulky white precipitate encountered during extraction of ZnCl2 from pure aqueous solutions. A decrease of Cd chloride extraction was generally noticed in presence of additives; this is more noticeable for the longer chain alcohols. The highest separation factor (E for ZnCl2 and CdCl2 in 0.48M HCl is obtained from 30% methanol (13.8 compared to about 3.8 in absence of methanol) and from 10–20% acetone where it reaches 30.

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Abstract  

The electrical conductivity of pure and Co-doped MgAl2O4 spinels was measured at 700–1100 K. The results of both pure and doped spinels were found to be fitted with an exponential expression with two different activation-energy parameters, in two ranges of temperature. The effect of -irradiation on the electrical conductivity of pure and doped spinels was also studied. The kinetic parameters of the isothermal annealing of the induced irradiation damages in the spinels were determined. All the results were found to be consistent with the ionic conduction which was suggested to be due to the motion of the cation vacancy.

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