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  • Author or Editor: M. Nofal x
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Abstract  

A simple method has been developed for the rapid separation of234Th /UX1/ from uranyl nitrate hexahydrate. The method is based on selective dissolution of uranyl nitrate by diethyl ether on a filter paper. It is shown that almost all UX1 is adsorbed by the filter paper which can be desorbed and brought into solution by 5N HCl or HNO3. The effect of different parameters on the separation have also been investigated.

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Abstract  

A systematic study is presented on the extraction of Sn(IV) and In(III) halides with benzene, toluene, o-xylene, nitrobenzene, cyclohexane, n-hexane, CHCI 3 and CC14 from H2SO4 solutions. While no extraction of the chlorides of the two elements by these solvents takes place, the extraction of their bromides and iodides is considerable (In) or very high (Sn). In case of Sn(IV), maximum extraction is obtained at 12.6M H~SO4 for the bromide and at 7 9M H 2SO 4 for the iodide. It is easy to separate SbCI 3 from SnCI by extraction with one of the first 3 solvents, and SnBr 4 from InBr~ by extraction with n-hexane. Extraction mechanism of Sn(IV) halides was discussed in view of the results for the above solvents, TBP and amberlite LA2.

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Abstract  

Sorption of124Sb(III) from benzene, toluene, o-xylene and nitrobenzene on treated fly ash, pyrolysis residue and bentonite clay was studied at room temperature using the batch method. In comparison to a former study for the sorption of124Sb(V), the results revealed relatively higher sorption of the trivalent state than the pentavalent one. According to the type of the nonpolar solvent used, the order of uptake of the radioactive isotopes was often o-xylenetoluene>benzene. The sorption tendency of the sorbents used towards the radionuclides was: bentonitepyrolysis residue>treated fly ash. Sorption from an aqueous medium on the same sorbents has also been investigated for124Sb(III) compared to124Sb(V),152Eu(III) and their mixtures. The obtained results showed that the order of uptake of the different radionuclides was: Eu(III)>>Sb(III)>Sb(V)>mixture. The investigation was extended to the desorption studies of these radionuclides in the acidic and the neutral media from the dried radioactivity loaded sorbents.

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Abstract  

The extraction of Sb(III) chloride by nonpolar solvents from 0.15M HCl was studied as a function of sulphuric acid concentrations in the aqueous phase. The distribution of Sb(III) chloride between the nonpolar solvents benzene, toluene, xylene, nitrobenzene, cyclohexane, chloroform and carbon tetrachloride and filter paper is reported. In case of benzene the Sb(III) activity (given in counts·s–1·ml–1) decreases from 1500 to 200 after 24 hours. The corresponding values are about 1200 and 540 for toluene, 1330 and 50 for xylene, 1050 and 700 for nitrobezene, 1080 and 22 for cyclohexane, 330 and 30 for chloroform and 130 and 40 for carbon tetrachloride. More than 95% of the adsorbed Sb(III) is desorbed by 1M HNO3, 1M HCl or 0.5M H2SO4 by contacting the loaded filter paper with any of these acids for 27 hours.

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