In order to determine the effect of airborne emission of trace elements, e.g. Br, Rb Cs, Sc and Na on roadside ecosystem, concentrations were determined in different species of plants from an urban park at Lahore. For monitoring purpose attention was paid to the leaves ofSapindus mukorossis, Alstonia scholaris andDiospyros embryopteris. Different varieties of tissues were found to have different concentration of trace elements when compared among themselves. The concentration of trace element deposition was compared with the values reported in literature. Significant pollution was observed.
Industrial units play a significant role in atmospheric pollution. Industrial exhausts deteriorate the atmospheric quality causing unhygienic environment for the people working in the vicinity. This work presents a study of the longitudinal distribution of trace elements of the Sheikhupura industrial area. Three kinds of distribution patterns were observed and are discussed in detail. The results are based on the neutron activation analysis of 16 trace elements.
The determination of Ce, Yb, Se and Cr has been carried out in the atmosphere of Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Islamabad, Wah Cantt and Khanispur (background area) by INAA. Ce and Cr are associated with anthropogenic activities, while Yb is mainly due to soil derived aerosols. Se represents both anthropogenic as well as soil derived aerosols.
The deposition of trace and major elements from the atmosphere to the ground is an important factor for plants, animals and
humans as well. Total suspended particulate matter was measured by a standard gravimetric technique. A scanning electron microscope
was used for the evaluation of the size distribution and morphological structures of the aerosol particulates trapped on the
surface of filter paper. The aerosol particulates were studied by a scanning electron microscope at various magnification.
The trace elemental composition in the atmosphere of Faisalabad was studied by using instrumental neutron activation analysis
(INAA) and atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Concentrations of 23 trace elements and a major one were determined in samples
of aerosol particulates collected during a longe sampling period in the atmosphere at Faisalabad, Pakistan. Their amount was
two times higher than the limits adopted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for the urban environment.