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  • Author or Editor: M. Reddy x
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Abstract  

A method for the separation of microgram quantities of T1/I/ and T1/III/ from hydrochloric acid solutions has been developed. T1/III/ was extracted as HTlCl4 into benzene by di-n-pentyl sulphoxide /DPSO/ and di-n-octyl sulphoxide /DOSO/. Conditions for the effective extraction of T1/III/, free from T1/I/, have been worked out.

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Abstract  

The extraction of cobalt/II/ from ammonium thiocyanate solutions by di-n-pentyl sulphoxide /DPSO/, di-n-octyl sulphoxide /DOSO/ and their mixtures in carbon tetrachloride has been studied. The species extracted were found to be Co/SCN/2. 4S /where S=DOSO or DOSO/. Synergic effects have been observed which are ascribed to the formation of mixed ligand metal complexes. The influence of the metal concentration, temperature and the diluent on the extraction of cobalt/II/has been investigated.

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Abstract  

Solvent extraction studies have been made on some metals: In/III/-Tl/III/ and Hg/II/-Cd/II/-Co/II/, from ammonium thiocyanate solutions by dialkyl sulphoxides. Separation of these metals from one another can be achieved by suitable choice of the extracted conditions. The nature of the extractable metal species has been elucidated.

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Abstract  

Radon and thoron have been identified as potential radiological health hazard and the dose estimation due to their exposure is an important task. Understanding their behavior in indoor environment helps in calculating the inhalation doses due to them. Present study aims at the distribution of radon and thoron concentrations in a typical Indian dwelling. Solid state nuclear track detectors are employed in the study. The concentration of radon is found to be invariant in indoor environment. The thoron concentration is found to decrease exponentially as a function of distance from the source (wall/floor). Solution of one dimensional diffusion equation is used for regression fittings for thoron variation, from which the diffusion constants and the exhalation rates were calculated. The diffusion constants varied from 0.00195 to 0.00540 m2 s−1.

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Abstract  

The extraction of cobalt/II/ from ammonium chloride-ammonium hydroxide buffer solutions of pH 6.5 by 2,4-dihydroxyacetophenone thiosemicarbazone /DATS/ in n-butanol has been studied. Cobalt/II/ forms 11 complex /metal:reagent/ with DATS. Addition of pyridine enhances the extraction. The influence of metal concentration and the effect of diverse ions on the extraction of cobalt/II/ have been investigated.

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Abstract  

The extraction of mercury(II) from chloride and thiocyanate solutions has been studied by tracer techniques using bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulphoxide (B2EHSO) in benzene as an extractant. These extraction data have been analyzed theoretically by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and plausible complexation in the organic phase. The results demonstrate that Hg(II) is extracted as HgX2 and HgX2·nB2EHSO (where X=Cl or SCN andn=1 or 2). The effect of the foreign ions on the extraction of Hg(II) has also been investigated.

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Abstract  

The liquid-liquid extraction behavior of Hg(II) from aqueous acidic chloride solutions has been investigated by tracer techniques using dialkylsulphides (R2S) namely, dibutylsulphide (DBS) and dioctylsulphide (DOS) as extractants. These extraction data have been analyzed by both graphical and theoretical methods by taking into account complexation of the metal ion in the aqueous phase with inorganic ligands and all plausible complexes extracted into the organic phase. The results clearly indicate that Hg(II) is extracted into xylene as HgCl2 . nDBS/nDOS (where n = 2 and 3). The equilibrium constants of the extracted complexes have been deduced by non-linear regression analysis. The separation possibilities of Hg(II) from other metal ions viz. Ca(II), Mg(II), Ba(II) and Fe((III), which are present in the industrial wastes of the chlor-alkali industry has also been discussed.

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Abstract  

The extraction equilibria of175Yb from thiocyanate solutions with di-n-pentyl sulfoxide (DPSO), di-n-octyl sulfoxide (DOSO), tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) and their mixtures in carbon tetrachloride has been investigated. A relatively small synergistic enhancement has been observed with mixtures of dialkyl sulfoxides (DPSO+DOSO) and also with mixtures of DPSO+TOPO. These extraction data have been analyzed with the aid of a computer by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by inorganic ligands and assuming a set of product species in the organic phase and adjusting their formation constants through an iterative non-linear least-squares procedure to obtain the best fit to the data. The extraction of the metal is inversely and linearly dependent upon the dielectric constant of the solvent and temperature of the system.

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Abstract  

Synergistic solvent extraction of Eu(III) and Tb(III) from thiocyanate solutions with mixtures of 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (EHPNA) and di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid (DEHPA) or tributyl phosphate (TBP) or trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) or triphenylphosphine oxide (TPhPO) in benzene has been studied. The mechanism of extraction can be explained by a simple chemically based model presented in this paper. The equilibrium constants of the mixed-ligand species of the various neutral donors have been determined by non-linear regression analysis.

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Abstract  

The extraction of Er(III) and Lu(III) from thiocyanate media with 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl ester (EHEHPA) and also with mixtures of EHEHPA and thenoltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) or tri-n-octylphosphine oxide (TOPO) or bis 2-ethylhexyl sulfoxide (B2EHSO) in benzene has been studied systematically. Synergistic effects have been observed with mixtures of EHEHPA+HTTA or TOPO. On the other hand, antagonistic effects have been observed with mixtures of EHEHPA+B2EHSO. These extraction data have been analyzed theoretically with the aid of a computer by taking into account complexation of the metal in the aqueous phase by SCN and plausible complexation in the organic phase. The extraction constants of the various product species have been deduced by non-linear regression analysis. The stability constants for the thiocyanate complexes of the metal ions have also been determined.

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