An extraction chromatography method was developed for the separation of 239Np from 243Am in nitric acid solution. A sorbent based on aliphatic quaternary amine Aliquat-336 and hydrophobized silica gel was prepared. 239Np reduced to the oxidation state(IV) with ferrous sulfamate in 2M or 6M HNO3 sorbs on the prepared silica gel column. After washing with 0.1M ferrous sulfamate in 2.5M HNO3, 239Np is eluted with 0.1M HNO3 containing 0.02M HF. The separation of 243Am from 239Np is very effective. The purity of 239Np was found to be better than 99.5%. The proposed 239Np milking procedure is suitable for the preparation of 239Np tracer that can be used for the determination of 237Np radiochemical yield.
An extraction chromatographic material based on Aliquat-336 anchored on hydrophobized silica gel support was prepared as an
ion exchanger. The prepared material appeared to be suitable for the separation of 99Tc from environmental matrices in column application. The properties of the material, sorption characteristic and distribution
coefficient of 99mTcO4-in various media were studied. The prepared sorbent was conditioned by washing with nitric acid. The solution containing 99mTcO4- in 0.1M HNO3 was passed through the column. Tc was eluted from the column by 8M HNO3. The flow rate was 0.4 ml/min. The chemical yield of technetium during the separation process was determined using 99mTc tracer and gamma measurement. The sorption recovery of Tc from the prepared sorbent with 0.1M HNO3 solution was more than 98%, and the desorption recovery from the column using 8M HNO3 varied between 92-96%. It was found that the prepared sorbent is suitable for the separation of technetium from environmental
matrices and radioactive wastes.
Authors:R. Michel, F. Löer, M. Nolte, M. Reich, and J. Zilkens
In order to describe the impact of corrosion of medical implants on the trace element balance of man samples of blood, serum and of a variety of tissues and organs were analysed for their trace element composition using instrumental neutron activation techniques. By the analysis of blood and serum the trace element status after long-term implantation as well as its dependence on time after implantation was investigated. Using autopsy samples of human organs such as heart, spleen, liver, of aorta and of lymphatic tissue from the lower pelvis transport and storage of the corrosion products was studided. These investigations were supplemented by a comprehensive study of normal human blood, serum, tissues and organs from patients without implants. The results demonstrate that there are high enrichments of corrosion products in several tissues and organs and that also blood and serum reveal the presence of the metal implants in the trace element levels, increasing shortly after implantation and pertaining during the entire implantation time. Thus the corrosion of metallic implants is a process not only affecting tissues from the vicinity of the implants but also influencing the trace element balance of the entire organism.
Authors:P. Rajec, V. Csiba, M. Leporis, M. Štefečka, E. Pataky, M. Reich, and J. Ometáková
The reaction route 64Ni(p,n)64Cu is very popular for the preparation of 64Cu because its entrance channel is accessible at low energies and yield of reaction is quite high. However, a high price of
the enriched 64Ni is a disadvantage of this reaction path; hence, preparation of a chemically pure nickel targets for the production of 64Cu using COSTIS (Compact Solid Target Irradiation System) is of a great research interest. In this paper, effects of boric
acid, composition of electrolytic bath and electrochemical process conditions on the quality of nickel films deposited on
2 mm thick gold or platinum disc targets were investigated. Chemical purity of the electrodeposited nickel was measured by
the Auger electron spectroscopy and the surface quality of targets was studied microscopically (SEM). A SRIM program was used
for a thickness target calculation. COSTIS target station was installed at the end of the external beam line of the IBA Cyclone
18/9 cyclotron, and the irradiation surface of target was optimized. The target station has been equipped with Al or Nb window
foil in the front of the target to degrade the beam energy to an optimal value.