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  • Author or Editor: M. Saeed x
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Abstract  

The adsorption studies of Eu(III) was investigated on 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) loaded PUR foam. The adsorption conditions were optimized with respect to pH, shaking time, loading capacity and adsorbent weight. The adsorption data followed the classical Freundlich and Langmuir type isotherms successfully. The Freundlich constant (1/n) is estimated to be 0.35±0.02, reflects a surface heterogeneity of the PUR foam. Langmuir isotherm gives a saturated capacity of 0.082±0.002 mmol.g-1 suggests a monolayer coverage of the surface. The Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherm is applied and the sorption mean free energy (E) is calculated and found to be 13.36±0.12 kJ.mol-1 suggesting that chemisorption involving chemical bonding is responsible for the adsorption process. The thermodynamic parameters such as enthalpy (H), entropy (S) and Gibbs free energy (G) were calculated and interpreted. The positive value of H indicates that the adsorption of metal ions on HTTA-loaded PUR foam is an endothermic process. A possible explanation of this endothermicity has been given. The selectivity and sensitivity of the adsorbent was also studied. The sorption of Eu(III) is greatly affected in the presence of oxalate and fluoride. The sorptive affinity of different cations towards HTTA loaded PUR foam was also discussed.

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Summary  

The sorption of Eu(III) ions onto PAN loaded PUF has been optimized and investigated under the influence of various temperatures, i.e., 303, 313 and 323 K. Maximum retention (>96%) of Eu(III) ions (1.79. 10-5M) onto PAN loaded PUF (7.75 mg. ml-1) was achieved after 30-minute equilibration time from pH 7 buffer solution. The variation of sorption with temperature yields the thermodynamic parameters ΔH=79±2 kJ. mol-1, ΔS=276±7 kJ. mol-1. K-1and ΔG=-1.4±0.1 kJ. mol-1at 298 K. The positive value of enthalpy and negative free energy show endothermic and spontaneous nature of sorption, respectively. The sorption data followed Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) and Langmuir isotherms at all the three given temperatures. The Freundlich constant 1/n=0.70, 0.62 and 0.55 and sorption capacities C m=10.8 mmol. g-1, 6.1 mmol. g-1and 4.4 mmol. g-1, respectively, decreased with increasing temperature. Similarly, the sorption capacities of D-R isotherm X m=197.6 µmol. g-1, 201.2 µmol. g-1and 137.4 µmol. g-1, also decreased with temperature. However, the sorption free energy E=10.2 kJ. mol-1, 11.2 kJ. mol-1and 12.7 kJ. mol-1, increased with temperature. The monolayer coverage (Q) computed from Langmuir isotherm was 11.1±0.6 µmol. g-1and remains constant at all the three temperatures investigated. However, the binding energy constant bincreased with temperature. The relationship of bwith temperature and differential heat of adsorption (ΔH diff) have been evaluated and discussed.

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Abstract  

The nature of adsorption behavior of Au(III) on polyurethane (PUR) foam was studied in 0.2M HCl aqueous solution. The effect of shaking time and amount of adsorbent were optimized for 3.16·10−5M solution of Au(III) in 0.2M HCl. The classical Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms have been employed successfully. The Freundlich parameters 1/n and adsorption capacityK are 0.488±0.016 and (1.40±0.22)·10−2 mol·g−1, respectively. The Langmuir constants of saturation capacityM and binding energyb are (1.66±0.08)·10−4mol·g−1 and 40294±2947 l·g−1, respectively, indicating the monolayer chemical sorption. The mean free energy (E) of adsorption of Au(III) on PUR foam has been evaluated using D-R isotherm and found to be 11.5±0.16 kJ·mol−1 reflecting the ion exchange type of chemical adsorption. The effect of temperature on the adsorption has also been studied. the isosteric heat of adsorption was found to be 44.03±1.66 kJ·mol−1. The thermodynamic parameters of ΔG, ΔH, ΔS and equilibrium constantK c have been calculated. The negative values of ΔG, ΔH and ΔS support that the adsorption of Au(III) on PUR foam is spontaneous, exothermic and of ion exchange chemisorption. The nature of the Au(III) species sorbed on PUR foam have been discussed.

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Abstract  

The accumulation of preheated chromium(III)-thiocyanate complexes onto polyurethane foam (PUF) has been studied. The maximum sorption of Cr(III) (7.01.10-5M) is occurred at pH 2 from 1.2M thiocyanate solution in 10 minute agitation time using 7.25 mg/ml PUF. The sorption data have been investigated by Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms. The Freundlich parameters 1/n = 0.31 and of K F = 9.7.10-4 mol.g-1, Langmuir constants M = 7.03.10-5 mol.g-1 and of b = 1.5.105 l.mol-1 and of D-R constants, C m = 1.91.10-4 mol.g-1, affinity coefficient b = -0.0023 mol2.kJ-2 and sorption energy E = 14.7 kJ.mol-1 have been evaluated. Thermodynamic parameters of enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs free energy suggest the endothermic and spontaneous adsorption of Cr(III)-SCN complex onto PUF at higher temperature. The influence of common anions and cations on the accumulation of chromium-thiocyanate on PUF and possible sorption mechanism of [Cr(SCN)4]- species on PUF is discussed.

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Abstract  

The uptake of Zn(II)-SCN complex onto polyurethane foam (PUF) has been investigated in detail with respect to different composition and variable concentration of electrolyte, zinc, thiocyanate ions and PUF, and equilibration time. The sorption data followed both Langmuir and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) sorption isotherms over the entire concentration range of zinc investigated whereas Freundlich sorption isotherm is obeyed upto 13.6.10-3M concentration. The Langmuir constants Q = 202±7 mmole.g-1 and of b = (1.78±0.31.104 dm3.mole-1 and of D-R paraneter X m = 493±1 mmole.g-1, b = activity coefficient = -0.028±0.0002 and of sorption energy E = 13.2±0.5 kJ.mole-1 and Freundlich constants 1/n = 0.42±0.03 and c m = 6.47±1.7 mmole.g-1 were evaluated. The influence of temperature variation on sorption have yielded DH = -77.5±2.9 kJ.mole-1, DS = -5±0.09 J.mole-1.K-1 and DG = -6.67±0.05 kJ.mole-1. The effect of common anions and cations on the sorption has been examined. Sulphate, ascorbate and bromide ions enhances the sorption to some extent whereas nitrite, Pb(II), Fe(III), Al(III), Cu(II) and Co(II) decrease to sorption significantly. A possible mechanism has been envisaged for Zn(II)-SCN sorption onto PUF.

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Abstract  

The uptake behavior of Sb(V) onto diphenylthiocarbazone (H2DZ) loaded polyurethane foam (PUF) from aqueous solutions of different acids in the presence of KI have been studied. The maximum adsorption was found from 0.5N HNO3 containing 0.2M KI. The maximum equilibrium was achieved within twenty minutes shaking time. The sorption behavior followed the Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms. The Freundlich constants 1/n and Kf are 0.57 and 3.26.10-2 mol.g-1, respectively. The Langmuir constants M and b are 2.18.10-4 mol.g-1 and 2.4.104 l.g-1, respectively. The value of sorption free energy (E) evaluated from D-R isotherm is 10.8 kJ.mol-1 indicating the ion exchange type chemisorption of Sb(V) on H2DZ loaded PUF. The thermodynamic parameters of enthalpy (H), entropy (S) and Gibbs free energy (G) have also been investigated and found to be -51.8 kJ.mol-1, -127.3 J.mol-1.deg-1 and -13.8 kJ.mol-1, respectively. The negative values of (H) and (G) indicate that the sorption is exothermic and spontaneous in nature. The effect of anions and cations and sorption mechanism are discussed.

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Abstract  

The sorption of 60Co, 65Zn, 75Se, 103Pd, 110Ag and 203Hg radionuclides by polyurethane foam (PUF) was investigated and optimized with respect to the selection of appropriate sorptive medium, metal, thiocyanate ions (except for 110Ag) and PUF concentration and equilibration time. The influence of common anions and cations on the sorption of each metal was examined. The sorption data subjected to different sorption isotherms have shown that the sorption of all the radionuclides followed Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms. The sorption capacity intensity and energy were evaluated for each element studied. The variation of sorption with temperature was monitored for all radionuclides except zinc and selenium. The values of H, S and G were estimated and found to be negative indicating exothermic and spontaneous nature of sorption. It was found that PUF is an effective and economical sorbent for traces of metal ions which can be used for the separation/preconcentration of these ions from their very dilute solutions and has useful applications in radioanalytical and environmental chemistry and in radioactive and industrial liquid waste management.

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Summary

A rapid and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed and validated for the simultaneous determination and quantification of cephalosporins (cefpirome, cefaclor, ceftazidime, and cephradine) in pharmaceutical formulations. Separation was achieved in the presence of caffeine as internal standard on a Mediterranea C18 (5 μm, 25 × 0.46 mm) column. The mobile phase was composed of methanol and water (30:70), which was pumped at a flow rate of 1 mL min-1. Effluents were monitored at 265 nm. The assay was linear in the concentration range of 0.5–50 μg mL−1, with the correlation coefficient (r 2) greater than 0.9998. The intra-day and inter-day coefficients of variation (CV %) were less than 4% at different concentrations.

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Abstract  

Synergic extraction of different essential and toxic metal ions such as Mn(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Hg(II), Cd(II) and Se(IV) has been carried out using toluene-3,4-dithiol (TDT) and trioctylamine (TOA) in chloroform. A strong synergic effect in the extraction of Co(II), Mn(II) and Zn(II) has been observed. The effect of different anions on the extraction has also been analyzed. Ascorbate ions can easily separate Hg(II) and Se(IV) ions. The stability of synergic adduct and reaction mechanism are discussed.

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