Authors:S. Kumar, N. Rawat, A. Kanekar, B. Tomar, V. Manchanda, M. Sonavane, N. Sonar, and K. Raj
Diffusion of sodium in Mn and Ti bearing sodium borosilicate glass used for the immobilization of the high level waste at
the Waste Immobilization Plant, Tarapur has been studied by heterogeneous isotopic exchange using 24Na as the radiotracer for sodium. The temperature dependence of the self-diffusion coefficient of sodium in the glass was
found to follow Arrhenius equation below the glass transition temperature.
Authors:N. Sonar, Vaishali De, V. Pardeshi, Y. Raghvendra, T. Valsala, M. Sonavane, Y. Kulkarni, and Raj Kanwar
99Tc is one of the long lived fission product with high fission yield. From radioactive waste management point of view it is
very much essential to evaluate the concentration of technetium in the radioactive liquid waste in order to finalise the treatment
process to extract/isolate it from the stream which is discharged to the environment. For the estimation of 99Tc in the radioactive liquid waste stream, extraction of the stable complex of technetium-tetraphenyl arsonium chloride (TPAC)
into chloroform followed by beta counting was studied. Various parameters like pH, time of equilibration, concentration of
TPAC in chloroform, use of other solvent for extraction as well as interference of various other radionuclides present in
the waste were also studied. The radioactive liquid waste being handled in plant contains high concentrations of salts in
the form of sodium nitrate. Hence effect of salt concentration on the percentage extraction was also evaluated. The extraction
behavior does not dependent on change in the pH of the solution. Almost 99.5% extraction was observed in the pH range of 1–13.0.
High concentration of salt is affecting the extraction. However, this can be taken care by diluting the radioactive waste.
It takes almost 90 min time for maximum extraction. Presence of radionuclides like 137Cs, 90Sr are not interfering the extraction of 99Tc. However, 106Ru is getting slightly extracted along with 99Tc. The error due to 106Ru can be eliminated by taking gamma spectrum and deducting the activity from the total beta activity to get 99Tc activity. Nitrobenzene can be used for extraction of Tc–TPAC complex in place of chloroform.