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Abstract  

Chitosan tripolyphosphate (CTPP) beads were prepared at two different cross-linking densities and adsorption of Cr(III) onto it were studied as a function of different operational parameters such as solution pH, equilibration time and initial Cr(III) ion concentration. Higher cross-linked beads were found to have more adsorption capacity at all the experimental pH employed (pH = 3–5), whereas adsorption capacity is found to increase with increase in pH. Adsorption data were analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. Langmuir model is found be more suitable to explain the experimental results with a monolayer adsorption capacity of 469.5 mg/g. Among the kinetic models used, pseudo-second order kinetic model could best describe the adsorption process. Competition experiments done in presence of Na(I), Mg(II), Ca(II), Al(III) and Fe(III) revealed that, except in the case of Al(III), adsorption of Cr(III) is not significantly affected by the presence of foreign cations. NaCl is found to be a suitable leaching agent for the desorption of adsorbed Cr(III) from CTPP beads. FTIR spectroscopic investigations confirmed that phosphate groups are the principal binding site responsible for the sorption of Cr(III) onto CTPP beads.

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Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors: Debasish Das, M. Sureshkumar, Siddhartha Koley, Nidhi Mithal, and C. Pillai

Abstract  

Magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticle was synthesized using a solid state mechanochemical method and used for studying the sorption of uranium(VI) from aqueous solution onto the nanomaterial. The synthesized product is characterized using SEM, XRD and XPS. The particles were found to be largely agglomerated. XPS analysis showed that Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio of the product is 0.58. Sorption of uranium on the synthesized nanomaterials was studied as a function of various operational parameters such as pH, initial metal ion concentration, ionic strength and contact time. pH studies showed that uranium sorption on magnetite is maximum in neutral solution. Uranium sorption onto magnetite showed two step kinetics, an initial fast sorption completing in 4–6 h followed by a slow uptake extending to several days. XPS analysis of the nanoparticle after sorption of uranium showed presence of the reduced species U(IV) on the nanoparticle surface. Fe(II)/Fe(III) ratio of the nanoparticle after uranium sorption was found to be 0.48, lower than the initial value indicating that some of the ferrous ion might be oxidized in the presence of uranium(VI). Uranium sorption studies were also conducted with effluent from ammonium diuranate precipitation process having a uranium concentration of about 4 ppm. 42% removal was observed during 6 h of equilibration.

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