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  • Author or Editor: M. Trabelsi-Ayadi x
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Authors: F. Chehimi-Moumen, D. Ben Hassen-Chehimi, M. Ferid and M. Trabelsi-Ayadi

Abstract  

The preparation of a new acid lanthanide diphosphate is reported. The acid praseodymium diphosphate, obtained as a trihydrate salt, is investigated by chemical analysis, X-ray powder diffraction and IR spectroscopy. The study of the thermal behavior of HPrP2O7·3H2O shows that its dehydration begins at 367 K. A scheme of its decomposition is proposed.

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An accurate, sensitive, and reproducible high-performance liquid chromatographic method with diode array detection has been developed for simultaneous determination of erythromycin, clarithromycin, and azithromycin residues in fish muscles. Analysis was carried out using a Shodex Asahipak high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) column, monitoring was at 210 nm and a mobile phase consisting of a mixture of acetonitrile and phosphate buffer (pH 11 ± 0.05) in the ratio of 60:40 (v/v). Solid-phase extraction method was used in samples extraction and purification. Recoveries were in the range 72.0–92.2% with relative standard deviation (RSD) from 2.3% to 8.3%. This method was validated for fish muscles in aquaculture following the commission decision 2002/657/EC criteria. It is demonstrated that the new method is robust for detection and quantification of the three macrolides residues. Decision limit (CCα) was from 214 to 228 μg/kg and capacity of detection (CCβ) was from 228 to 256 μg/kg.

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Authors: F. Chehimi-Moumen, P. Llewellyn, F. Rouquerol, G. Vacquier, D. Ben Hassen-Chehimi, M. Ferid and M. Trabelsi-Ayadi

Summary  

The aim of this work is the optimization of the preparation of anhydrous gadolinium hydrogen phosphate with good fluorescence properties. The products obtained by dehydration of gadolinium hydrogen phosphate trihydrate depend on the conditions chosen for the thermal treatment. For this reason, the dehydration was followed by Constant Rate Thermal Analysis whilst strictly controlling the water vapour pressure above the sample. Intermediate samples, obtained during dehydration were characterised by IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. It has thus been shown that the thermal pathway taken for the dehydration depends on the water vapour pressure above the sample in the region from 10-2to 5 mbar. Under the lowest water vapour pressure (510-3mbar), the elimination of the crystallization water is carried out in a continuous way and produces a quasi-amorphous intermediate. Under higher water vapour pressure (5 mbar), well crystallized intermediate products are obtained. The results obtained suggest that the trihydrate contains zeolitic water which confirms a prior structural study.

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