Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for

  • Author or Editor: Magdalena Długosz x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All Modify Search

Abstract  

The concentration of two important radionuclides: 210Pb and its decay product 210Po in the urban air in the center of the Polish city of Lodz were measured during the winter and spring seasons of 2008–2009. Urban airborne particulate matter was collected using two methods: an Anderson 9-stage impactor, and a high-volume aerosol sampler type ASS500 working in the frames of the aerosol sampling network in Poland, established for radionuclide monitoring. Average concentrations for 10 months sampling period for 210Pb and 210Po were 0.556 and 0.067 mBq/m3, respectively. However remarkable fluctuations due to meteorological condition were observed: from 0.010 to 0.431 mBq/m3 for 210Po and from 0.167 to 1.847 mBq/m3 for 210Pb. The highest concentrations, almost 60% of the total activities, of both radionuclides were found in the first two fine aerosol fractions with particle diameters below 0.36 μm. The aerosol residence times calculated from the 210Po/210Pb ratio ranged from 7 to 120 days.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The significant differences in the activities of 210Pb, 210Bi, 210Po and cosmogenic 7Be and 22Na radionuclides in the urban aerosol samples collected in the summers 2010 and 2011 in the Lodz city of Poland were observed. Simultaneous measurement of these radionuclides, after a simple modification of the one compartment model, allows us to calculate both: the corrected aerosol residence times in the troposphere (1 ÷ 25 days) and in the lower stratosphere (103 ÷ 205 days). The relative input of the additional sources (beside of the 222Rn decay in the air) to the total activity concentrations of 210Pb, 210Bi and 210Po radionuclides in the urban air, plays a substantial role (up to 97% of the total activity) only in the case of 210Po.

Open access

The present research is focused on identification of volatile components of different commercial products containing raw herbs of Cistus incanus L. The dried herbal material was hydrodistilled, and the obtained essential oils were analyzed by means of gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection. Alternatively, the headspace analysis of the volatile sample components was also performed. It was found out that the investigated samples of the C. incanus L. species show a wide variation in terms of quality and quantity of the respective essential oils, which might result in their variable biological activity also. In conclusion, a postulate for standardization of chemical composition of the raw plant material used in therapeutic preparations is formulated.

Open access