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  • Author or Editor: Maged S. Abdel-Kader x
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Novel, simple, and sensitive high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with fluorescence detection method has been successfully established and validated for the simultaneous determination of vulgarin and epivulgarin in different collections of Artemisia judaica. HPTLC method was carried out using glass plates coated with silica gel 60 F254 using petroleum ether‒acetone (7:3, v/v) as the mobile phase. After development, the plates were scanned and quantified densitometrically at 224 nm for both vulgarin and epivulgarin. The two compounds’ peaks from A. judaica were identified by comparing their single spot at R F = 0.30 ± 0.02 and R F = 0.36 ± 0.01, respectively, with those of vulgarin and epivulgarin. Linear regression analysis revealed a good linear relationship between peak area and amount of vulgarin and epivulgarin in the range of 100–700 ng band−1 for both compounds. The method was validated, in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines, for precision, accuracy, and robustness. The proposed method will be useful to measure the therapeutic dose of vulgarin and epivulgarin in A. judaica extracts.

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A new rapid, simple, economical, and environment-friendly reversed- phase high-performance thin-layer chromatography (RPHPTLC) method has been established for the simultaneous determination of glycyrrhizin and glabridin in Glycyrrhiza glabra roots, rhizomes and selected herbal formulations. The method was carried out using RP-18 silica gel 60 F254S HPTLC glass plates and methanol–water (7:3 v/v) as the mobile phase. The developed plates were scanned and quantified densitometrically at 256 and 233 nm for glycyrrhizin and glabridin, respectively. Glycyrrhizin and glabridin peaks from G. glabra roots and rhizomes and herbal formulations were identified by comparing their single spots at RF = 0.63 ± 0.02 and RF = 0.28 ± 0.01, respectively. Linear regression analysis revealed a good linear relationship between the peak areas and the amounts of glycyrrhizin and glabridin in the ranges of 1000–7000 and 100–700 ng band−1, respectively. The method was validated, in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for precision, accuracy, and robustness. The proposed method will be useful to determine the therapeutic doses of glycyrrhizin and glabridin in herbal formulations as well as in bulk drug.

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Authors: Ahmed I. Foudah, Prawez Alam, Abdulaziz I. Al Furaih, Mohammad Ayman A. Salkini and Maged S. Abdel-Kader

Fenugreek is one of the oldest medicinal plants known by mankind. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of environmental conditions on the saponin contents of the plant. The amount of diosgenin in different samples of fenugreek was estimated by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC). The developed method was validated, in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for precision, accuracy, and robustness. HPTLC was carried out using hexane‒acetone (8:2%, v/v) on 20 cm × 10 cm glass coated silica gel 60 F254 plates. The developed plates were scanned and quantified densitometrically at λ = 430 nm. Linear regression analysis revealed a good linear relationship between the area under the peak and the amount of diosgenin in the range of 50–400 ng per band. The amount of diosgenin which reflects the total saponin contents varied according to the country of origin. The sample obtained from Yemen showed the highest amount of diosgenin followed by the Saudi sample. Both locations represent areas with the highest altitude (Yemen) and the highest temperature (Saudi).

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Summary

We have recently reported on the effect of the environmental conditions on the quantity of diosgenin. Attempts for the simultaneous quantification of trigonelline and diosgenin using normal-phase silica gel plates were not successful. A high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) method was developed using glass-backed plates coated with RP-18 silica gel 60 F254S and acetonitrile-water (7.5:2.5, V/V) as the mobile phase. Trigonelline and diosgenin peaks were well separated with R F values 0.29 ± 0.02 and 0.17 ± 0.01, respectively. The TLC plates were directly scanned at 267 nm for trigonelline and at 430 nm after derivatization with vanillin-sulfuric acid for diosgenin. Linear regression analysis revealed a good linear relationship between the peak area and the amounts of trigonelline and diosgenin in the range of 200–1400 and 50–300 ng per band, respectively. The method was validated in accordance with the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines for precision, accuracy, and robustness.

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Authors: Omer A. Basudan, Perwez Alam, Nasir A. Siddiqui, Mohamed F. Alajmi, Adnan J. Alrehaily, Saleh I. Alqasoumi, Maged S. Abdel-Kader, Prawez Alam and Abd El Raheim M. Donia

A simple and sensitive high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed for the evaluation of biomarker β-amyrin in the leaves of fve different species of genus Ficus (Ficus carica, Ficus nitida, Ficus ingens, Ficus palmata, and Ficus vasta) grown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Chromatography was performed on glass-backed silica gel 60 F254 HPTLC plates with solvents toluene–methanol (9:1, v/v) as the mobile phase. After development, the HPTLC plate was derivatized with p-anisalde-hydereagent to give well-resolved and compact spot of β-amyrin. Scanning and quantifcation were done at 550 nm. The system was found to give compact spot for β-amyrin at R F = 0.58. The linear regression analysis data for the calibration plots showed good linear relationship with r 2 = 0.998 with respect to area in the concentration range of 100–900 ng. The regression equation for β-amyrin standard was found to be Y = 5.835X + 87. The precisions (n = 6) for β-amyrin were found to be 1.64–1.77% and 1.68–1.84%, respectively, for intra-day and inter-day batches, and the recovery values were found to be 97.6–98.3%. β-Amyrin was found to be present in three species, i.e., F. carica (0.29%, w/w), F. nitida (0. 5 4% w/w), and F. p almata (0.31%, w/w), while it was absent in F. vasta and F. ingens. The statistical analysis proves that the developed method for the quantifcation of β-amyrin is reproducible; hence, it can beemployed for the determination of β-amyrin in plasma and other biological fuids as well as in fnished products avai lable in the market.

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