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The present research is an analytical study of thirteen Safaitic inscriptions collected during a recent survey at Ghadir Abū-Ṭarfa in the northeastern Jordanian desert. This group of inscriptions reveal a good deal of information regarding some linguistic and social aspects of Safaitics. Inscriptions are accompanied by rock art, showing some of the activities of the inscriptions’ authors.

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This research is an analytical study of the agrictural terms that occur on Nabataean inscriptions. It is an attempt to explore their linguistic derivation, meanings and indications seeking to reach a better understanding of the Nabataean agricultural system and activities. We will also try to compare these terms to their parallels in other Semitic languages and dialects.

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Archaeological remains yield remarkable information concerning the Nabataeans’ timing system; excavations and surveys revealed water clocks, sundials and ground shadow clocks in Nabataean sites, namely Petra and Hegra. Besides, certain Nabataean inscriptions expose a good deal of evidence regarding the Nabataean timing terminology: ywm ‘day’; šnt ‘year’; yrḥ ‘month’; š c h ‘hour’; šb c ‘week’, lyly’ ‘night’ and zmn ‘time’ are the most frequently used terms found in the different Nabataean texts. Moreover, the excavations uncovered some archaeological evidence concerning the Nabataean annual calendar. The study adopts a comparative historical and linguistic perspective in investigating the different aspects of time measurement in Nabataean civilisation.

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This paper aims at studying a group of fourteen Safaitic inscriptions collected during an epigraphical survey in the Haroun Region in Western Bādiyah of Jordan. The research deals with the verbs and names semantically and syntactically, with an outlook to their parallels in other Semitic languages. This group of inscriptions contains some new personal names, terms and nouns hitherto unrecorded in Safaitic inscriptions: šrr (No. 1), jrml (No. 2), fjl (No. 3), hdrs (No. 6), zblt (No. 7), kyl (No. 8), ′t (No. 9) and bdy (No. 9) are all new personal names in Safaitic; the term ′ns-h (No. 11) is attested for the first time in Safaitic in this form, and jfrt (No. 14) “young female camel” is a noun hitherto unrecorded elsewhere in Safaitic or other northwestern Semitic inscriptions.

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Bnctm rock inscriptions

An analytic study of new discovered Safaitic inscriptions from Deir al-Kahf in the Northeast of Jordan

Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Authors: Hussein M. Al Qudrah, Ibrahim S. Sadaqah, and Mahdi Alzoubi

This paper studies nine memorial Safaitic inscriptions from the town of Deir al-Kahf in Northern Badiyah, northeast of Jordan, along the Baghdad Highway road. The first seven are found to the east of the town, the other two are from the far north end. It seems that these inscriptions show the sadness and grief over an important person called Bnctm. The paper deals with the verbs and names semantically and syntactically, also considering their parallels in other Semitic languages.

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