This paper is focused on utilization of coal fly ash, steelmaking slag and glass bottle fragment in concrete production. Each of these wastes was mixed into concrete, and compressive strength was tested.The first part of this paper is focused on Portland cement replacement by mechanochemical activated coal fly ash and the second part is aimed to natural aggregate replacement by steelmaking slag and glass bottle fragment in concrete mixture. The results showed that coal fly ash has a positive influence on compressive strength development, and steelmaking slag and glass waste can be successfully used as a natural aggregate replacement.
The current annual worldwide production of by-products is estimated about 700 million tons of which 70 % is fly ash at least. Large quantities of fly ash are available at low costs around the world and its use in concrete seems to offer the best solution to reduce its consumption. With regard to these facts and Slovak needs, the chemical and mechanical properties of hardened concrete composites with various share of fly ash were studied. Other focus of this study is the investigation of the influence of different chemical admixtures on development of the concrete properties, their environmental and economic impacts.