Authors:Andrea Del Bon, Chiara Sbarbati, Elio Brunetti, Valentina Carucci, Alessandro Lacchini, Valentina Marinelli and Marco Petitta
Although the Acque Albule Basin has been studied since the middle of the 19th century, a comprehensive geologic conceptual model of the area has not yet been developed. The natural setting has been heavily modified by anthropic activities. Rapid evolution during the last 25 years has caused many interferences, which have led to a drastic increase of the hazards and linked risks, mainly related to water resource overexploitation and subsidence.
The implementation of an exhaustive framework has become mandatory for environmental and management purposes. Starting from a critical review of previous studies, hydrogeologic and hydrogeochemical surveys and related numerical modeling have been carried out in order to achieve a quantitative understanding of the active phenomena and processes.
Several hydrogeologic issues have been addressed concerning aquifer recharge areas and the different flowpaths of groundwater in respect to their division into a shallow and a deep circuit. Account has been taken of the groundwater chemistry as a function of water—rock interactions and mixing processes with uprising fluids. Different scenarios of groundwater flow in the Acque Albule aquifer have been built, using previously available piezometric measurements and the hydrodynamic parameters determined by in situ tests. These results led to the formulation of an updated hydrogeologic conceptual model to be further implemented, in which past, present and future anthropic instances and the potential of natural resources of the area have been included and taken into account. A sound conceptual model must rely on the design and development of a logical geo-database in which information is stored, updated and processed. This operational framework can result in a useful tool for land management, surveys planning and design, hazard and risk evaluation, identification of best practices and economic development of the area.