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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Maria Ribeiro da Silva, N. Araújo, A. Silva, L. da Silva, N. Barros, J. Gonçalves, and M. Ribeiro da Silva

Abstract  

The standard (p 0=0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation, at T=298.15 K, in the gaseous phase, for three tetradentate Schiff bases involving a N2O2 set, N,N’-bis(salicylaldehydo)cyclohexanediimine (H2salch), N,N’-bis(acetylacetone)cyclohexanediimine (H2acacch) and N,N’-bis(benzoylacetone)cyclohexanediimine (H2bzacch), were determined from their enthalpies of combustion and sublimation, obtained by static bomb calorimetry in oxygen and by the Knudsen effusion technique, respectively. The results are compared with identical parameters for related compounds previously studied, resulting from the condensation of salicylaldehyde or β-diketone with aliphatic diamines.

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Abstract  

The present work reports an experimental thermochemical study supported by state of the art calculations of two heterocyclic compounds containing oxygen in the ring: xanthone and tetrahydro-γ-pyrone. The standard (pº = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation in the condensed phase, at T = 298.15 K, were derived from the measurements of the standard molar energies of combustion in oxygen atmosphere, using a static bomb calorimeter. The standard molar enthalpies of sublimation or vaporization, at T = 298.15 K, of the title compounds were obtained from Calvet microcalorimetry measurements. These values were used to derive the standard enthalpies of formation of the compounds in the gas-phase at the same temperature, which were compared with estimated data from G3(MP2)//B3LYP computations.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Joana Cabral, Ricardo Monteiro, Marisa Rocha, Luís Santos, William Acree, and Maria Ribeiro da Silva

Abstract  

The standard ( = 0.1 MPa) energies of combustion in oxygen, at T = 298.15 K, for the solid compounds 2-methylpyridine-N-oxide (2-MePyNO), 3-methylpyridine-N-oxide (3-MePyNO) and 3,5-dimethylpyridine-N-oxide (3,5-DMePyNO) were measured by static-bomb calorimetry, from which the respective standard molar enthalpies of formation in the condensed phase were derived. The standard molar enthalpies of sublimation, at the same temperature, were measured by Calvet microcalorimetry. From the standard molar enthalpy of formation in gaseous phase, the molar dissociation enthalpies of the N–O bonds were derived, and compared with values of the dissociation enthalpies of other N–O bonds available for other pyridine-N-oxide derivatives.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Maria Ribeiro da Silva, Joana Cabral, Chelsea Givens, Stephanie Keown, and W. Acree

Abstract  

The standard (p 0=0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation, in the gaseous phase, at T-298.15 K, for 2,5-dimethylpyrazine (2,5-DMePz) and for the two dimethylpyrazine-N,N′-dioxide derivatives, 2,3-dimethylpyrazine-1,4-dioxide (2,3-DMePzDO) and 2,5-dimethylpyrazine-1,4-dioxide (2,5-DMePzDO), were derived from the measurements of standard massic energies of combustion, using a static bomb calorimeter, and from the standard molar enthalpies of vaporization or sublimation, measured by Calvet microcalorimetry. The mean values for the molar dissociation enthalpy of the nitrogen-oxygen bonds, 〈DH m 0〉(N-O), were derived for both N,N′-dioxide compounds. These values are discussed in terms of the molecular structure of the two N,N′-dioxide derivatives and compared with 〈DH m 0〉(N-O) values previously obtained for other N-oxide derivatives.

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Taís Vanessa Gabbay Alves, Eraldo José Madureira Tavares, Fauze Ahmad Aouada, Charles Alberto Brito Negrão, Marcos Enê Chaves Oliveira, Anivaldo Pereira Duarte Júnior, Carlos Emmerson Ferreira da Costa, José Otávio Carréra Silva Júnior, and Roseane Maria Ribeiro Costa

Abstract

This paper reports the thermal characterization of polyacrylamide-co-methylcellulose hydrogels and the constituent monomers (acrylamide and methylcellulose). Polymeric materials can be used to produce hydrogels, which can be natural, synthetic, or a mixture. The hydrogels described here were obtained by free radical polymerization, in the presence of N,N′-methylene-bis-acrylamide as a cross-linker agent. Four acrylamide concentrations were used for the synthesis of hydrogels: 3.6, 7.2, 14.7, and 21.7% (w/v). The materials so obtained were analyzed by TG, DTG, DSC, and FT-IR. The TG curves of acrylamide and methylcellulose showed three mass loss events. In DSC curves, the acrylamide exhibited one melting peak at 84.5 °C, and methylcellulose indicated one exothermic event. Nevertheless, acrylamide was considered more stable than methylcellulose. The TG curves of the hydrogels exhibited three mass loss events, and on the DSC curves, three endothermic events were observed. It was verified that the different acrylamide proportions influenced the thermic behavior of hydrogels, and that the authors considered the 7.2% hydrogel a promising drug carrier system. The absorption bands were well defined, confirming the presence of the functional groups in the samples.

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