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  • Author or Editor: Martin Lopušniak x
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Abstract

Lifts are indispensable for the evacuation of mobility-impaired people from buildings in case of emergency. It is necessary to quantify the movement parameters of these people and describe the entire process using a suitable algorithm. The aim of the research was to quantify the times and speeds of movement for a person using a wheelchair and for an injured person. An experiment in situ was used. During the experiment, arrivals at the lift, cabin entries, and exits were monitored. The results include the times and speeds of a mobility-impaired person's movement. The experiments showed that a person using a wheelchair was slower than an injured person. The results can be used to expand computational models to account for the possibility of using lifts for evacuation.

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Buildings with heating demands <20 kWh/m2 usually use electric energy for covering their energy needs. The aim of the paper is an analysis of electric energy consumption in this type of building. Data were obtained by in-situ measurements. Electricity consumption for hot water preparation, ventilation and household appliances are presented. Also a comparison of the real consumption with the design, and the impact of a user to the total consumption are analysed. The results show that 60% of electricity consumption is during months December, January and February. The obtained results show, that another decreasing in electric energy consumption is possible.

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