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Abstract  

This paper reports silica gel loaded with p-tert-butylcalix[8]arene as a new solid phase extractor for determination of trace level of uranium. Effective extraction conditions were optimized in column methods prior to determination by spectrophotometry using arsenazo(III). The results showed that U(VI) ions can be sorbed at pH 6 in a mini-column and quantitative recovery of U(VI) (>95–98%) was achieved by stripping 0.4 mol L−1 HCl. The sorption capacity of the functionalized sorbent is 0.072 mmol uranium(VI) g−1 modified silica gel. The relative standard deviation and detection limit were 1.2% (n = 10) for 1 μg uranium(VI) mL−1 solution and 0.038 μg L−1, respectively. The method was employed to the preconcentration of U(VI) ions from spiked ground water samples.

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Abstract  

Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile is an important endemic sea plant in the Mediterranean Sea. Its dead leaves are accumulated in the beaches and cause bad view and also odour in the touristical beaches. Therefore, these dead leaves accumulated on the beaches are collected and then burned in some beaches in Turkey. In the present study, the adsorption between dead leaves and uranium were studied in the aqueous solutions. The adsorption data obeyed the pseudo-second order kinetics. Among the studied isotherms, the data were well in line with the Freundlich and Dubinin-Raduschkevich models and the maximum adsorption capacities obtained from these models were found as 5.67 and 9.81 mg g−1, respectively. Negative values of Gibbs free energy showed that the adsorption was in spontaneous nature. In conclusion, the dead leaves of P. oceanica from touristic beaches might be collected and evaluated as a low-cost adsorbent for removal of uranium(VI) from aqueous solutions.

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Abstract  

A sensitive and selective solid phase extraction procedure for the determination of trace of uranium(VI) has been developed. An alumina-sodium dodecyl sulfate coated on with pyrocatechol violet was used for preconcentration and determination of uranyl ions by spectrophotometry method using Arsenazo III reagent. Sorbed ions were quantitatively eluted using 5 mL of 0.25 mol L−1 HNO3. The effects of parameters such as pH, amount of alumina, amount of ligand, flow rate, type and concentration of elution agent were examined. The capacity of the sorbent for U(VI) was found to be 0.92 mmol g−1. The relative standard deviation was 1.28% for 10 replicate determinations of U(VI) ion in a solution with a concentration of 1.0 μg mL−1. The practical applicability of the developed sorbent was examined using synthetic and real samples such as standard reference material 2709 (San Joaquin Soil) and 2711 (Montana Soil).

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Preconcentration of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) from aqueous solutions using low-cost abundantly available sorbent

Sorption behaviour of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) on low-cost abundantly available sorbent

Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Authors:
Elif Bursali
,
Melek Merdivan
, and
Muruvvet Yurdakoc

Abstract  

Olive cake as low-cost abundantly available sorbent has been characterized by N2 at 77 K adsorption, porosity analysis, elemental analysis and IR spectra and has been used for preconcentrating of uranium(VI) and thorium(IV) ions prior to their determination spectrophotometrically. The optimum pH values for quantitative sorption of U(VI) and Th(IV) are 4–7 and 3–7, respectively. The enrichment factor for the preconcentration of U(VI) and Th(IV) were found to be 125 and 75 in the given order. The sorption capacity of olive cake is in the range of 2,260–15,000 μg g−1 for Th(IV) and in the range of 1,090–17,000 μg g−1 for U(VI) at pH 3–7. The sorbent exhibits good reusability and the uptake and stripping of the studied ions were fairly rapid. The elution of U(VI) and Th(IV) was performed with 0.3–1 M HCl/1–2 M HNO3 and 0.3–0.8 M HCl/1 M HNO3, respectively. The precision of the method was 1.8 RSD% for U(VI) and 2.5 RSD% for Th(IV) in a concentration of 1.00 μg mL−1 for 10 replicate analysis. The influence of some electrolytes and cations as interferents was discussed. Separation of U(VI) and Th(IV) from other metal ions in synthetic solution was achieved.

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A thin-layer chromatographic method with densitometric UV detection at 286 nm after ethyl acetate extraction is described for analysis of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in fruit wines and vinegars produced in Turkey. The retention factor, hR F , was 38 on silica gel HPTLC plates as stationary phase after development with toluene-ethyl acetate-90% formic acid 6:3:1 ( v/v ) as mobile phase. Recovery from samples spiked with different amounts HMF (2.0 and 5.0 ng μL −1 ) was usually in the range 95–112%. The limits of detection and quantification of the method were 0.045 and 0.125 ng mL −1 , respectively. For robustness, within and between-day repeatability of the method were calculated as 4.5 and 8.6%, respectively. Seven types of Turkish fruit wines and three kind of Turkish vinegar tested were found to contain HMF in the ranges 0.5 to 13.2 ng μL −1 and 1.0 to 33.1 ng μL −1 , respectively.

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Abstract  

Ulva gigantea (Kützing) bliding (UGB) obtained from sea inlet of Izmir-Turkey has been studied as a biosorbent for removal of radioactive metals from water. In this study, unmodified UGB and modified UGB with glutaraldehyde (GUGB) characterized by FTIR spectroscopy were used as biosorbents for removal of U(VI) and Th(IV) ions from aqueous solution. Adsorption experiments performed under batch process with initial pH, contact time, adsorbent mass and temperature as variables. In order to determine the adsorption characteristics, Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Raduschkevich adsorption isotherms were applied to the adsorption data. Adsorption experiments showed that the adsorption isotherms correlated well with the Freundlich model. The sorption followed pseudo-second-order kinetics. The thermodynamic parameters such as variations of ΔH°, ΔG° and ΔS° were estimated as a function of temperature. The thermodynamics of the adsorption of U(VI) and Th(IV) onto UGB and GUGB indicates that the spontaneous and exothermic nature of the process. The results showed that UGB and GUGB were potential for application in removal of U(VI) and Th(IV) from aqueous solution.

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Abstract  

Benzoylthiourea derivatives (N,N-diphenyl-N′-(3-methylbenzoyl)thiourea and diphenyl-N′-(4-methylbenzoyl)thiourea) were impregnated onto silica gel. The preconcentration of uranium(VI) from aqueous solution was investigated. Extraction conditions were optimized in batch method prior to determination by uv–visible absorption spectrometry using arsenazo(III). The optimum pH for quantitative adsorption was found as 3–7. Quantitative recovery of uranium (VI) was achieved by stripping with 0.1 mol L−1 HCl. Equilibration time was determined as 30 min for 99% sorption of U(VI). Under optimal conditions, dynamic linear range of for U(VI) was found as 0.25–10 μg mL−1. The relative standard deviation as percentage and detection limit were 5.0% (n = 10) for 10 μg mL−1 U(VI) solution and 8.7 ng mL−1, respectively. The method was employed to the preconcentration of U(VI) ions in soil and tap water samples.

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